Why Stepan Razin drowned the Persian princess

The legendary personality of the daring ataman and rebel Stepan Razin still attracts great attention of his contemporaries (for example, where he hid the loot is still not known, but this is not the talk), he became a hero of folklore, his image is widespread in art, and only a song about everybody knows "From behind the island to the rod" ... No? This is how we recall:

From across the island to the rod, To the vastness of the river wave

Painted, Vostrogrudye canoes are sailing out.

In the front, Stenka Razin, Embracing, sits with the princess, celebrates a new wedding

He's funny and drunk.

And she, with her eyes downcast, Neither alive nor dead, Silently listens to the intoxicated

Ataman's words.

A murmur is heard behind them:

"He exchanged us for a woman, Only the night I saw her off, The next morning he became a woman."

This murmur and ridicule

Hears the formidable chieftain

And with a mighty hand

He hugged the Persians' camp.

Black eyebrows came together, A thunderstorm is approaching.

Rampant blood filled

Ataman's eyes.

- I won’t regret anything, I’ll give my head to Riot! -

An imperious voice is heard

Along the surrounding shores.

"Volga, Volga, dear mother, Volga, Russian river, You have not seen a gift

From the Don Cossack!

So that there is no contention

Between free people, Volga, Volga, dear mother, Take a beauty! "

With a powerful sweep it lifts

He is a beautiful princess

And throws her overboard

Into the oncoming wave.

“Why are you, brothers, depressed?

Hey you Filka, damn it, dance!

Let's break the song

In commemoration of her soul! .. "

From across the island to the rod, To the vastness of the river wave

Painted, East-breasted canoes float out.

So how was it, since the song describes only the fact of the drowning of a noble captive wife, but the background is not mentioned. It all began with the fact that on May 15, 1667, the Cossacks with their leader Stepan Timofeevich Razin went "for zipuns". So they called the raid on the busurman, in particular, at first they walked through their native land, robbing their own merchants, and when it smelled "fried, they went to the Caspian Sea to pinch the Persians. Warned by the tsar's ambassadors about the Cossack raid, the Persians did not doze and in the spring of 1669 survived several battles in the "Trukhmenskaya Zemlya", where Razin's friend Sergei Krivoy died, and a little later the Cossack army was attacked by a large Shah's fleet under the command of Mamed Khan Astara - a battle that went down in history as the Battle of Pig Island took place. The Cossacks took advantage of this mistake and sank the enemy's flagship, after which they destroyed his entire fleet.It was in this battle that the son and daughter of the commander of the Persian fleet were captured by the Razins - the daughter was the Persian princess who Stepan Razin, later, as it is sung in the famous song "From behind the island to the rod ...", threw it from the ship into the water.

Here is how this event is described by the euid I.Ya. Strays his "Three Voyages" 1676

He had a Persian princess with him, whom he abducted together with her brother. He presented the young man to Mr. Prozorovsky, and forced the princess to become his mistress. Coming into a rage and drunkenness, he committed the following thoughtless cruelty and, turning to the Volga, said: “You are beautiful, river, from you I received so much gold, silver and jewelry, you are the father and mother of my honor, glory, and fie on me for the fact that I still have not sacrificed anything to you. Okay, I don't want to be more ungrateful! " After that, he grabbed the unfortunate princess with one hand by the neck, with the other by the legs and threw her into the river. She wore robes woven with gold and silver, and she was adorned with pearls, diamonds and other precious stones, like a queen. She was a very beautiful and friendly girl, he liked her and in everything he liked. She, too, fell in love with him out of fear of his cruelty and in order to forget her grief, but nevertheless she had to die in such a terrible and unheard-of way from this mad beast.

Apparently, the murder of the princess was both a gift to the water spirit for good luck in battle, in which the sailors believed, and a kind of revenge on the enemy for the death of a close comrade. Or perhaps he believed that the woman on the ship was unfortunately, so he got rid of her in an uncomplicated way.