April 22 marks the 145th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. On the eve of this date, it will be interesting to recall interesting facts from the biography of the leader of the world proletariat.
Vladimir Ilyich was born on April 22, 1870 in Simbirsk (now Ulyanovsk). His father, Ilya Nikolaevich, was the director of public schools in the Simbirsk province. In 1877, he received the rank of actual state councilor - a civilian rank of the 4th class, corresponding to the military rank of major general. The rank gave the right to hereditary nobility. Thus, Vladimir Ilyich was a nobleman.
In 1887, young Vladimir Ulyanov graduated from the Simbirsk gymnasium. It is interesting that the director of the gymnasium at that time was F.M. Kerensky - the father of A.F. Kerensky, who in 1917 headed the Provisional Government.
Vladimir graduated from high school with a gold medal. In his certificate of maturity, there was only one four - logically.
In the same 1877, Ulyanov entered the Kazan University at the Faculty of Law. But already in the first year he was expelled for participating in an illegal student circle. He was forbidden to study full-time. He had to take exams as an external student, and at the age of 21 he became the youngest lawyer in Russia.
In childhood and adolescence, Vladimir Ilyich began to smoke several times. During his studies at the university, he began to smoke again. His mother, Maria Alexandrovna, tried in every possible way to wean her son from the addiction, but to no avail. Then she said that cigarettes are a waste for their family, which was not rich at the time. It was this that became an iron argument - Vladimir gave up smoking forever.
The pseudonym "Lenin" first appeared in 1901. V. I. Ulyanov began to sign some of his works “N. Lenin ". There are many versions of the origin of this alias. According to one of them, at the beginning of the 20th century, Ilyich used the passport of the real-life Nikolai Lenin. In total, Lenin's biographers counted 148 pseudonyms.
In 1917, Norway came up with a proposal to present Lenin with the Nobel Peace Prize. The application was rejected as the deadline for accepting applications had already expired. At the same time, the Nobel Committee said that it would not object to the presentation of the prize if peace was established in Russia. But the outbreak of the Civil War did not allow Lenin to become a Nobel laureate.
In the 30s of the 20th century, portraits and sculptures of Lenin were created from the image of Joseph Slavkin, a lawyer who looks very similar to Ilyich. But once N. K. Krupskaya noticed that Slavkin did not look so much like the leader of the revolution. Slavkin was summoned to the Central Committee and took from him a subscription to stop posing in the image of Lenin.
In Russia, more than 5, 000 streets are named after Lenin.