Karl Marx was born in 1818 in the German city of Trier. His father Heinrich Marx was a Jewish lawyer who later converted to Lutheranism. In addition to Karl, the family had six more children, and all of them had a tragic life - four died at an early age, two more committed suicide. Only Karl Marx survived to adulthood.
In 1848-1849. Europe was engulfed in a war of revolutions. The young philosopher and economist was recognized as an undesirable person in several countries at once - Germany, France and Belgium. Karl and his family had to move to London, where he lived until his death in 1883.
Marx met Friedrich Engels in 1844. It was Engels, a man of sufficient wealth, who was able to provide his colleague with the opportunity to publish books.
The main work of Karl Marx is undoubtedly Capital. The first volume was published in 1867. Despite the fact that 150 years have passed, this work is still popular, especially in times of crises. And the first foreign edition of the book was the translation into Russian. This happened in the early seventies of the XIX century. Moreover, the censors did not pose any special obstacles to publishing: the labor movement in Russia was poorly developed. In addition, due to the complexity of the text, Capital was supposed to have few readers.
The creator of a genius work on political economy was never able to make a fortune for himself. After his death, it turned out that the children inherited only numerous debts.
The great thinker died in 1883 in London and was buried in Heitgate Cemetery. There is a widespread legend that, shortly before the death of Marx, a servant asked him to leave some wise advice to posterity. Marx replied: "The last words are for fools who had little time to say during their lifetime."
It is not surprising that Marx enjoyed fantastic popularity in the Soviet Union. Even before the formation of the USSR, in 1918, the world's first monument to Marx was erected in Penza. At the beginning of the XXI century in Russia more than 1, 300 streets, avenues and squares were named after Marx.
For citizens of the USSR who have visited London, a visit to the grave of Marx was a must. However, they do not forget about it even now, from the Archveiraz metro station a tourist "mini-train" departs every half hour to the Heitgate cemetery.