Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin was one of the most famous Russian poets, recognized as a genius during his lifetime. His biography is known to many from school textbooks, but you may have never heard many interesting facts about Pushkin. But we'll fix that now.
21 interesting facts from the life of Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin:
- The great-grandfather of Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin was African, presumably from Ethiopia. The little Arap was presented to Peter I, who raised him as a son. Subsequently, baptized and named - Abram Petrovich Hannibal, he rose to the rank of general and married a Russian noblewoman.
- Once talking with his friends, Alexander Pushkin noted that in 1803 he witnessed an amazing phenomenon. When he was walking around Moscow, he noticed that at one point the earth began to tremble, and the columns supporting the buildings were shaking. So the great poet found the last earthquake in history of all that happened in Moscow.
- When Alexander Sergeevich was about 10 years old, he first met Emperor Alexander I, who went on a horse ride with his retinue. This acquaintance almost became the last in the life of the young poet. The little boy almost fell under the hooves of the imperial steed. The horse was stopped only by a miracle.
- An interesting fact, Pushkin ended up in the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum, as they say, by pull. The Lyceum was founded by Minister Speransky himself, the enrollment was small - only 30 people, but Pushkin had an uncle - a very famous and talented poet Vasily Lvovich Pushkin, who personally knew Speransky. By the way, Aleksandr Sergeevich's academic performance was so-so. In 1817, the first graduation of lyceum students took place. Having passed 15 exams during seventeen days in May, including Latin, Russian, German and French literature, general history, law, mathematics, physics, geography, Pushkin and his friends received their Lyceum diplomas. The poet was the twenty-sixth in academic performance (out of 29 graduates), showing only "excellent" successes in Russian and French literature, as well as in fencing.
- The height of the poet is 167 centimeters. Pushkin's beloved wife, Natalya Nikolaevna Goncharova, was 6 centimeters taller than her husband, so the poet had to stay away from her at various parties and public events. So it seemed to him that the contrast in height was not too striking.
- Alexander Sergeevich did not like his mother-in-law, because it was with her submission that the poet was denied marriage to Natalia Goncharova for the first time. Only the second attempt was successful a few years later.
- The poet had a Don Juan list. He kept notes with two lists of women with whom he was attracted or was close in chronological order. This is a historical fact. The list was first published after the poet's death in 1887. By the way, Pushkin called his wife 130 love.
- It is interesting that Pushkin had a child from a serf girl Olga Kalashnikova. But the customs of those times were simple and severe. The child was sent to a peasant family, where the child fell ill and died a few months later, and the girl was married off to a neighbor's landowner.
- At the age of 19, Alexander Sergeevich suffered a serious illness, due to which he was shaved bald. But the poet did not want to appear in such a form in society, so he had to wear a wig for some time. His curly hair was remembered by many - in most of the paintings the writer was presented in this form. And we can only guess on how many canvases Pushkin was depicted not with his own hair.
- The idea of "The Inspector General" was given to Gogol by Pushkin in response to his request to tell him something really funny or tell him a new anecdote.
- Pushkin always carried a golden thimble with him during his travels. He needed it in order not to break a large nail on his little finger.
- Another famous poet, Ivan Dmitriev, was a good friend of the Pushkin family. One evening, when a friend was visiting the main character's house, he decided to play a trick on little Sasha, calling him "arabic" because of the latter's African genes. But the future genius, not at all embarrassed, parried, calling Ivan "hazel hen". Dmitriev's face was really covered with freckles, so it is far from a fact that the guest was not offended by such a caustic answer.
- An interesting fact, proud Pushkin conducted his correspondence with the tsar exclusively in French, so as not to write his admiration for the monarch, which was supposed to be written in such cases.
- After reading Ershov's fairy tale "The Little Humpbacked Horse" Pushkin was so shocked by the gift of a writer that he decided never to write fairy tales again.
- Pushkin was a rare bully and lover of women, during his short but eventful life he challenged or received a challenge to more than two dozen duels, although most of them did not take place due to the reconciliation of the parties.
- It is known that Alexander Sergeevich was very fond of his lyceum comrade Kuchelbecker, but he often arranged practical jokes for him. Kuchelbecker often visited the poet Zhukovsky, pestering him with his poems. Once Zhukovsky was invited to some friendly dinner and did not come. Then he was asked why he had not been, the poet replied: "I had upset my stomach the day before, besides, Kuchelbecker came, and I stayed at home ..." Pushkin, hearing this, wrote an epigram:
I ate too much at supper, but Yakov closed the door blindly -
So it was to me, my friends, And küchelbeckerno, and sick ...
Kuchelbecker was furious and demanded a duel! The duel took place. Both fired. But the pistols were loaded ... with cranberries, and, of course, the fight ended in peace ...
- Perhaps the most interesting fact from the life of Alexander Pushkin can be called the story associated with his death at the hands of Dantes. The duel with Dantes, whom Pushkin suspected in connection with his wife, took place only on the third attempt, before that they tried to resolve the matter peacefully - the Frenchman even married the poet's wife's sister. Even after being fatally wounded, Alexander Sergeevich also shot at his opponent. The last one was saved from certain death ... by a button. The bullet pierced the arm that was attached to the chest and got stuck in the button of the metal uniform.
- Before his last duel, Pushkin asked his wife "For whom are you going to cry?" The answer was ingeniously simple: "According to who will be killed."
- Despite the poet's freethinking, Pushkin was hosted by Nicholas I. After the poet's death, the emperor decided to pay all the family's debts, issue a one-time allowance in the amount of 10, 000 rubles, determine a permanent boarding school for his wife and children.
- An interesting fact - the daughter of Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin Maria (married Gartung) became the prototype of the heroine of Leo Tolstoy's novel "Anna Karenina".
- By the way, Pushkin had four children. The descendants of the famous poet can now be found all over the globe. More than fifty of them live in Russia alone.