Short story master, writer Alexander Kuprin, nobleman and descendant of an ancient family. A man with a difficult fate, an officer and an emigrant who returned before his death to a foreign homeland, thanks to his literary talent, he became a classic for readers, known for his stories and stories.
14 interesting facts about Kuprin
- The birthplace of Alexander Ivanovich Kuprin is a small district town of Narovchat in the Penza province. Here he was born on September 7, 1870. Kuprin's father was a minor official, and his mother belonged to the old family of the Tatar princes Kulunchakovs. A year after the birth of his son, Ivan Ivanovich Kuprin died, and Sasha and his mother moved to Moscow.
- Alexander Ivanovich has always been proud of being a descendant of an ancient Tatar family. When he became a writer, one of his first pseudonyms was "Ali Khan". But, first he had to go through a harsh army school. After the loss of the breadwinner, the family lived in poverty, therefore, the mother decided to send her son to a military gymnasium, after which Kuprin entered the Alexander military school, from where in 1890 he graduated with the rank of lieutenant.
- While studying at a military school, Kuprin published his first work - the story "The Last Debut". For which he was punished for two days in solitary confinement: the cadets were allowed to engage in literary activity only with the permission of their superiors. The violator of discipline was found, despite the fact that he signed with the short pseudonym “Al. K-rin ". Kuprin continued to publish only after leaving the school, when the young second lieutenant was sent to serve in the Podolsk province in the 46th Dnieper infantry regiment.
- The first publication brought the young man not only problems, but also a monetary reward of 10 rubles. This is the very fee paid by the Russian Satirical Leaflet, where the story was published. Kuprin spent the money quickly: he bought his mother's shoes, and for the remaining amount he rented a horse in the arena, as he was very fond of horse racing. But, the magazine caught the eye of an officer-teacher, who suspected that the pseudonym “Al. K-rin "belongs to one of the pupils. Juncker Kuprin was summoned" to the carpet "and he confessed everything.
- It is interesting that after the first literary experience Kuprin promised himself that he would not write any more. But, life made me - the salary of a novice officer was small, therefore, I had to look for additional ways to earn money. He met Ivan Bunin, who invited him to write a story, promising to pay a fee for it. Since 1893, Kuprin's works have appeared in print again.
- Kuprin's military career did not last long, four years later he retired. But, he did not have any civilian specialty. It was impossible to feed on literature alone, Kuprin had to change many professions: he was a fisherman, teacher, circus performer, land surveyor, salesman. Only at the beginning of the twentieth century did he become a famous writer and could afford to live on royalties.
- Kuprin's departure from military service was preceded by a curious incident, the young officer fell passionately in love. But, the girl set an indispensable condition - he must enter the Academy of the General Staff. Kuprin left for Petersburg, but in the midst of the entrance examinations he was summoned back to the regiment. It turned out that shortly before leaving, Kuprin threw a police officer into the river, who allowed himself to be rude to him. The plans to enter the Academy collapsed, Kuprin decided to go to "civilian life".
- Alexander Ivanovich Kuprin was a desperate man, he could rise into the air and sink to the bottom. And this is not just a beautiful metaphor. On September 13, 1909, the writer went on a hot air balloon flight with the famous Russian aviator Sergei Utochkin, and in October he descended to the bottom of the Black Sea, donning a six-pound diving suit. And in 1912 Kuprin flew in an airplane with his friend, the famous Russian athlete Ivan Zaikin.
- Kuprin has been married twice. Moreover, he became a famous writer largely thanks to his first wife Maria Karlovna. Not being particularly disciplined, Kuprin could abandon his writing career for a long time. But, the vigilant wife did not let her relax. Once, while at a summer cottage, Kuprin equipped himself an attic under his office. But, he preferred to doze more often than write. Maria Karlovna promised not to let him into the house until the next chapter is ready.
- During the First World War, Kuprin was no longer young, in 1914 he turned 44 years old. But, he could not stay aside, at first he opened a hospital for the wounded in Gatchina, and then he himself joined the army as a company commander. He served in Finland, where he trained recruits. In the summer of 1915, Kuprin was dismissed for health reasons.
- Kuprin explained his love for the circus by the fact that he was a "hereditary tamer". His uncle, his mother's brother, could tame any, even the wildest, horse. He was also known throughout the province as an excellent fighter. At the same time, Kuprin recalled that his uncle died a beggar. And, smiling sadly, he added: "Probably, I will die a beggar too." In 1903, Kuprin wrote to Anton Pavlovich Chekhov: "In our enlightened time, it is a shame to confess my love for the circus, but I have the courage to do it."
- Kuprin greeted the news of the abdication of the throne of Emperor Nicholas II with enthusiasm. But, in the era of "war communism" he joined the White Army with the rank of lieutenant. At the end of 1919, Kuprin found himself abroad, first in Finland, and then left for Paris. the writer returned to his homeland only in 1937, at the invitation of the Soviet government. By that time, Alexander Ivanovich was already seriously ill, and a year later he died.
- By the way, the question of inviting Kuprin to his homeland was decided at the highest level - at a meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). Most of the party elite voted in favor. Including I. V. Stalin. Only the People's Commissar of Defense KE Voroshilov abstained.
- Returning to the beginning of Kuprin's career, one can recall an interesting case. Having written his first story at a military school, he wanted to share his joy with one of the listeners. As a "critic" I chose a retired soldier who served at the school as a "uncle". The latter listened attentively to the cadet's reading and made a decision: “Well written, your honor! But you can’t understand anything ”.