Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev was born on February 8, 1834 in Tobolsk. He was the youngest, seventeenth, child in the family of Ivan Pavlovich and Maria Dmitrievna Mendeleev. Eight of the seventeen children died in infancy. Ivan Pavlovich Mendeleev went blind shortly after the birth of Dmitry, therefore, all the worries about raising children fell on the shoulders of his mother. The head of the family died in 1847.
12 interesting facts about Mendeleev
- The history of the origin of the surname "Mendeleev" is interesting. The grandfather of the great Russian scientist, Pavel Maksimovich Sokolov, served as a priest in the church of the village of Tikhomandritsy, Tver province. Three of his sons entered the Tver Theological Seminary - Alexander, Vasily and Ivan. In seminaries, pupils were given surnames. They could come from the name of the temple, from the area from which he came to study, or the personal qualities of the seminarian were taken into account. So, Alexander became Tikhomandritsky, Vasily - Pokrovsky, and Ivan - Mendeleev. They say that he, like the landowner Mendeleev - a local landowner, loved to exchange something.
- Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev graduated from the Main Pedagogical Institute in St. Petersburg with a gold medal, thanks to which he got the opportunity to study abroad for several years. For many years Mendeleev taught at the Imperial St. Petersburg University, but in 1890 he was forced to leave after a conflict with the Minister of Public Education I.D.Delyanov.
- Among the students of Mendeleev was Pyotr Stolypin, who received an "five" in chemistry. At the same time, he had to answer numerous additional questions from the teacher. Years later, Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin became prime minister.
- Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev is known primarily as a brilliant chemist who discovered the periodic law of chemical elements in 1869. Meanwhile, Mendeleev has about five hundred scientific works, while no more than 1/10 of them are devoted to chemistry. The scientific activity of the scientist also extended to physics, meteorology, aeronautics, agriculture, and so on. Mendeleev himself noted that in his scientific activities he "did so much."
- Popular legend has it that he dreamed of the table of the periodic elements in a dream. The scientist himself reacted to such rumors with indignation, claiming that he had been working on it for more than one year, but here everything is so simple - he dozed off, and everything worked out by itself. Such statements literally devalued his titanic work.
- At his leisure, Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev loved to make suitcases. He had no problems with the customer; every wealthy person was flattered to purchase a suitcase made by a famous scientist. In addition, Mendeleev's products were of remarkable quality. The secret of the glue, which gave the suitcases special strength, remained a mystery to competitors.
- Shortly before his death, Mendeleev completed a major work "To the knowledge of Russia." In it, he noted that over the past forty years, the population of the Russian Empire has doubled. The scientist calculated that, if this rate is maintained, by the middle of the XXI century the country will have about 800 million inhabitants.
- Mendeleev took an active part in the work on the creation of the Brockhaus and Efron encyclopedic dictionary. Dmitry Ivanovich prepared 54 articles for him. Moreover, not only in chemistry, but also in cooking. It was he who wrote such articles as "Vareniki", "Jam" and "Compote".
- After leaving St. Petersburg University, Dmitry Ivanovich entered the post of custodian of the Depot of exemplary weights and weights, in 1893 it was transformed into the Main Chamber of Weights and Measures, and Mendeleev was appointed manager.
- In addition to his scientific activities, Mendeleev was also a passionate collector. On all his trips, he tried to choose the time to visit local museums and antique shops. The walls of Mendeleev's apartment were hung with paintings, prints and photo reproductions. In total, there were about 2, 000 copies of them in the scientist's collection. Of particular value were three studies by the artist Alexander Ivanov, acquired by Mendeleev in 1879.
- In the seventies of the 19th century, Mendeleev acquired a camera. He came up with an idea - to create a Photographic Society in St. Petersburg to use photography in the "distribution of works of Russian art." Mendeleev noted the need for mutual understanding between artists and naturalists.
- The great Russian scientist Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev passed away on February 2, 1907. He died at the age of 73 from pneumonia. His grave is located at the Volkovskoye cemetery in St. Petersburg. In 1955, American scientists discovered a chemical element with atomic number 101 of the periodic table. It got its name in honor of the creator of this table - Mendelevium.