Why do we go bald

Every third man begins to lose hair on his head between 25 and 30 years old, every second - between 45 and 50 years. If baldness begins at a young age (18-20 years), hair loss, as a rule, will be rapid and after 10 years, if measures are not taken in time, it will be final. But if by the age of 30, at least half of the hair is still preserved, one can hope that you will part with it slowly.

Scientific studies have shown that hair loss is directly related to the action of the hormone testosterone, which, under the influence of the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase, penetrates into the cells of the follicles, causing dystrophy of the latter and, accordingly, dystrophy of the hair they produce. The hair on the head remains, but it becomes thin, short, colorless (vellus hair) and can no longer cover the scalp - a bald spot is formed. 10-12 years after the onset of alopecia, the mouths of the follicles are overgrown with connective tissue, and they can no longer produce even vellus hair.

Even in ancient times, pundits noticed that eunuchs do not go bald. In the 40s of the XX century, Dr. James Hamilton found out that the cause of hair loss on the head is an excess of male sex hormones in combination with a genetic predisposition. So there is only one and only one hundred percent remedy against baldness that hardly any of us will be satisfied with: castration.

The female hormones estrogens stimulate hair growth on the scalp and inhibit hair growth on the face and body. Male hormones androgens stimulate the growth of a beard and mustache, activate growth in some other parts of the body, but minimize this process on the head.

Therefore, alas, the more their primitive masculine essence manifests itself in men, the more they lose hair on the smartest part of the body. And until baldness finally becomes a sign of true masculinity, we have to struggle with our own male hormones.

Interestingly, early baldness is a hereditary trait. It is believed that the tendency to hair loss in 73-75% of cases is inherited on the maternal line, in 20% on the paternal side, and only 5-7% of those predisposed to androgenetic alopecia are the first in the family