Why the London police are called Scotland Yard

The name "Scotland Yard" (translated from English "Scottish yard") dates back to the early Middle Ages. In the 10th century, the English king Edgar I the Peaceful (943-975) gave the King of Scotland Kenneth II (up to 954-995) a plot of land next to Westminster Palace in London on the condition that he builds a residence here, which will be considered the territory of Scotland, and begins to visit her annually as a sign of respect for the English crown. This became the tradition of all Scottish kings, unless, of course, they were at war with England. But in 1603, the Scottish Stuart dynasty passed the English crown, and Scotland Yard lost its political significance.

It was decided to divide the palace into two parts. The first was named "Big Scotland Yard" and the second - "Middle Scotland Yard". They began to be used as government buildings.

In 1829, the first police service appeared in London, created by the Minister of the Interior, Robert Peel (1788-1850). The residence of the London police was the very complex of buildings that several centuries ago belonged to members of the Scottish royal family. Since then, the name "Scotland Yard" has been firmly established for the London police. The first years of the new service were especially difficult. The fact is that until 1829 there was no single police service in London. The investigation of crimes was mainly carried out by people who, as a rule, did not have the slightest idea about the intricacies of the investigative work. Anyone could become a "catcher of thieves" and receive a certain payment for the capture of a criminal, if his guilt is proven. However, many did this solely for profit, personal revenge, or simply out of a thirst for adventure. Unsurprisingly, the crime rate in the English capital was unusually high.

By the 60s of the 20th century, with the advancement of modern technology and the further expansion of the London Police Force, it became apparent that the needs of the Police Department had outgrown the capabilities of the Victoria Waterfront headquarters. For this reason, in 1967, New Scotland Yard moved to a building at Broadway 10. The Victoria Waterfront building is now known as the Norman Shaw (North) building. Part of it is currently occupied by the Greater London Police Department.

The main search engine of the Ministry of the Interior is better known by the acronym HOLMES. In addition, the curriculum is called Elementary, after the great detective Sherlock Holmes.

Scotland Yard's telephone number was originally 1212. Most police stations in London also use 1212 as the last four digits of the telephone number.

Today Scotland Yard is the largest police agency in England. It employs over 40, 000 people serving London and its suburbs in an area of ​​620 square miles with a population of over 7 million.