Snoring affects millions of people all over the earth. These are men and women of different ages. For some, it appears after thirty, for others, after sixty. For the most part, this problem concerns sedentary people, because their cardiovascular system already does not cope well with blood circulation. If breathing does not stop during snoring, then it does not pose a serious health hazard. But it causes inconvenience to others sleeping next to people.
Why do people snore in their sleep? This problem occurs most often when the sleeper is lying on his back. The tongue moves closer to the throat and interferes with the free flow of air into the lungs, resulting in vibration in the back of the palate of the soft tissue. This is where loud snoring comes from.
Another reason is the individual characteristics of the pharynx itself. During wakefulness, the muscles of the larynx do not interfere with the passage of air, but during sleep they relax and then the passage becomes rather narrow.
The reason for persistent loud snoring can be certain individual characteristics of the mouth. For example: displacement of the nasal septum due to trauma, soft palate, congenital sloping chin, chronic respiratory diseases. Snoring can also be a consequence of allergies. This is very often observed among young people.
Smoking can cause snoring. This bad habit often leads to frequent inflammation and swelling of the larynx and trachea.
Obese people most often face such an unpleasant problem. Since the fat in the neck area leads to compression of the airways. This makes them more likely to fall off during sleep.
Drinking alcohol also relaxes the muscles in the larynx, which can lead to snoring during sleep.
The effect of snoring on the human brain
According to many years of research, sleep apnea affects the reduction of gray matter in the brain, which is responsible for processing information. This directly affects memory. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is the stopping of breathing during sleep. This scares those who are nearby and hear how the snoring is replaced by silence, and then snoring again. At this point, a stop occurs. There are times when this happens up to 400 times. That is, the total duration is 3-4 hours.
This sleep disturbance is the reason that the man sleeps restlessly. He has headaches, constant irritability, concentration of attention decreases, memory deteriorates, drowsiness appears, potency decreases. This is only part of what someone who does not get enough sleep can experience. Drowsiness is especially dangerous when a person is driving a car. According to statistics, the probability of accidents on the roads for those with OSAS is ten times higher than the average accident rate.
When a person sleeps, the muscles of the pharynx lose their tone. On inhalation, the walls of the airways come closer together, and their complete collapse occurs. Thus, respiratory arrest occurs. To open the airways, a signal is required from the brain to the pharyngeal muscles. Then the breathing process will resume, the body is saturated with oxygen, the brain falls asleep again. But this can be repeated many times overnight.
Due to repeated prolonged respiratory arrest, the level of oxygen in the blood decreases. This affects the functioning of the heart and brain, which consume large amounts of oxygen. Hence, headaches occur in the morning.
Every time breathing stops, the body experiences stress. This may cause blood pressure to rise for a short time. As a result, chronic hypertension occurs. Such people are more likely to develop a stroke.
In the presence of hypoxia and the absence of deep sleep, the production of growth hormone in the body decreases, which is responsible for lipid metabolism in an adult. It's not a secret for anyone that the food that enters the body is processed into energy, as well as into fat reserves. If there is no food, then energy is generated from the processing of fat. This process takes place at the expense of growth hormone. When hormone production is disrupted, then fat can no longer be converted into energy. This leads to the fact that a person needs food all the time so that strength and energy do not leave the body. It turns out that body fat remains unclaimed. The person begins to gain weight. The measures taken to lose weight do not work.
Fat deposits around the neck will further narrow the airways. This will lead to more frequent sleep stops. Without treatment, this will be very difficult to deal with.