How Americans flew to the moon

On July 21, 1969, the lunar cabin "Eagle" of the American spacecraft "Apollo 11" landed on the lunar surface (in the southwestern part of the Sea of ​​Tranquility) (the flights of the Apollo 8-10 spacecraft were preliminary preparation for this mission).

The first person to set foot on the lunar surface was the ship's commander, Neil Armstrong. Stepping on the surface of the moon, he said: "This is one small step for man, but a giant leap for all mankind."

After 20 minutes, he was joined by lunar pilot Edwin Aldrin. After 1 hour 44 minutes, Aldrin returned to the cockpit, and 10 minutes after him - Armstrong. On July 21, the cosmonauts took off from the Moon, having spent 21 hours 36 minutes on it.

On November 14, 1969, Apollo 12 was launched, and on November 19, in the eastern part of the Ocean of Storms, the Apollo 12 lunar cabin "Interpeed" landed, from which the spacecraft commander Charles Conrad and the lunar cockpit pilot Alan Bean twice went to the surface of the moon ... In total, Konrad spent 7 hours 26 minutes on the lunar surface, Bean - 6 hours 34 minutes. On November 20, 31 hours 32 minutes after lunar landing, the Interpeed cockpit left the surface of the natural satellite of the Earth.

Apollo 13 was launched on April 11, 1970. On April 14, at a distance of 330, 000 kilometers from Earth, an oxygen cylinder exploded and two of the three fuel cell batteries, which provided power to the crew compartment of the command module, failed. As a result, the astronauts were forced to return to earth.

Apollo 14 was launched on January 31, 1971. The lunar module landed on February 5, 1971. The astronauts returned to Earth on February 9, 1971. During the flight, a significantly larger scientific program was carried out than in the Apollo 11 and Apollo 12 expeditions. Collected 42, 9 kg of lunar rocks.

Apollo 15 took off on July 26, 1971. On July 30, the Lunar Module landed. During this expedition, a lunar vehicle was used for the first time, which was also used in the flights of Apollo 16 and Apollo 17. Collected 76.8 kg of lunar rocks. The astronauts returned to Earth on August 7, 1971.

Apollo 16 was launched on April 16, 1972. On April 21, the lunar module landed. Collected 94.7 kg of lunar rocks. The astronauts returned to Earth on April 27, 1972.

December 7, 1972 - Apollo 17 launched. On December 11, the lunar module landed. Collected 110, 5 kg of lunar rocks. This expedition was the last landing on the moon to date. The astronauts returned to Earth on December 19, 1972.

Originally planned 3 more lunar expeditions - Apollo-18, -19 and -20, but NASA cut the budget. In March 1966, NASA told Congress that the cost of the thirteen-year Apollo program, which would carry out six lunar landings between July 1969 and December 1972, would be approximately $ 22.718 billion.

Supporters of the "lunar conspiracy" theory argue, in particular, that there are contradictions in the photographs and films about the moon landings, and some even that the implementation of such flights in those years was "technically impossible." The theory states that the United States went to falsification for reasons of raising its prestige due to the lag behind the USSR in space achievements in the early 1960s.