Interesting facts "Space" Interesting facts about Mars
- The planet is named after the Roman god of war because its color is very similar to that of blood. Mars is also known as the "Red Planet"; scientists suggest that the red tint is associated with the presence of iron oxides in the planet's atmosphere.
- Mars is the seventh largest planet in the solar system.
- Mars is home to the Mariner Valley, a canyon much deeper and longer than the Grand Canyon in the United States.
- Interesting fact, Mar boasts mountains that are higher than Mount Everest. It is also home to Mount Olympus, the highest known mountain in the solar system.
- Interestingly, Mars claims to be the planet with the largest volcanoes in the solar system.
- The atmosphere of Mars is about 100 times less dense than that of Earth. However, this is sufficient to support a weather system that includes clouds and winds.
The average temperature on Mars is about -60 degrees C.
- The average distance between Mars and the Sun is about 141, 620, 000 miles (227, 920, 000 kilometers).
- One year on Mars equals 687 Earth days.
- Like Earth, Mars rotates from west to east.
- Interesting fact, a Martian day is 24 hours, 39 minutes and 35 seconds, which is very close to Earth.
- Mars has a density of about 3.933 grams per cubic centimeter.
- The force of gravity on Mars is about 38 percent of that of the earth, that is, a person standing on its surface will decrease in weight by 62%.
- The average thickness of the Martian crust has been estimated to be about 30 miles (50 kilometers).
- The atmosphere of Mars is composed of 0.13% oxygen, 95.3% carbon dioxide, 2.7% nitrogen, 1.6% argon, 0.07% carbon monoxide and 0.03% water vapor.
- Mars has two small moons, Phobos and Deimos.
- Mars was first visited by Mariner 4 in 1965.