Interestingly, the New Year did not always start in our country on January 1.
For a long time in Russia, the first month of the year was March, because, according to the Bible, God himself said to Moses and Aaron: "This month is the beginning of months for you, the first will be for you in the months of summer." That is why the church year began in March.
In 1342, under Metropolitan Theognost, it was decided to count the beginning of the year from September. In 1492, a new confirmation followed to start the church-civil year from this very month. This was due to the fact that the Greek Orthodox Church established the celebration of the New Year from September 1, in memory of the victory of Constantine the Great over Maxentius, the cruel persecutor of Christians.
The customary date for celebrating the New Year was introduced by Peter I. The great reformer of Russia, seeking to harmonize the Russian calendar with the Western European one, issued a decree on December 19, 1699, according to which, he decided to keep chronology not from the creation of the world, but from the Nativity of Christ.
January 1, 7208, according to the old chronology, began the year 1700. To avoid confusion, it was allowed to indicate two dates at once in the documents: from the creation of the world and from the Nativity of Christ.
So, 314 years ago, a calendar appeared, which we still use today.
It is interesting that in the Old Russian calendar the names of the months were different.
January was called "prosinets" - from the blue of the sky and the addition of sunlight.
February is "cut". It was in this month that snowstorms raged. In some provinces, February was called "bokogrey".
March - "dry", from the spring heat and the first dry thawed patches.
April - "berezozol". According to the Brockhaus and Efron dictionary, "birch" means "green birch". In April, this tree, beloved in Russia, blossomed.
May is "herbal". The name speaks for itself!
June is "isok". Isok was called a grasshopper. They appeared in large numbers in June.
July - "worm", which meant "red, beautiful".
August - "glow" - from the glow of lightning. In the south of Russia, August was called "serpen", from the word "sickle", an agricultural tool that was used to harvest grain in the fields.
September - "ruyin", from the roar of animals and autumn winds.
October is "leaf fall". The time of leaf fall began. October was also called "muddy", from the autumn rains and "wedding" - it was in this month that most weddings were celebrated in Russian villages.
November - "breast" - from heaps of frozen earth with snow. In ancient times, the frozen road was called the "chest path".
December was called "chilly" or "jelly". Usually, severe frosts were established in December.