The tradition of celebrating the New Year twice appeared after the introduction of the Gregorian calendar in our country. The difference with the Julian calendar, according to which our country lived before the revolution, was 13 days at the beginning of the 20th century. Thus, it became possible to celebrate the New Year twice.
The difference between the Gregorian and Julian calendars is gradually increasing. In 2100, it will already be 14 days. And our descendants will celebrate the coming of the Old New Year on the night of January 14-15.
In addition to our country, this holiday is celebrated in Georgia, Ukraine, Belarus, Abkhazia, Macedonia, Romania, Greece, Serbia, Montenegro and in some German cantons in northeastern Switzerland, where it is called St. Sylvester's Day.
In Russia, on this day, the memory of St. Basil the Great was celebrated, or, as the people said, St. Basil's Day. He was revered as a giver of earthly fertility, they turned to him with a prayer for prosperity and good harvest in the coming year.
Pork dishes were the main treat in Russian villages. In wealthy houses, a pig's head stood on the table for a whole week. But it was not accepted to eat fish or poultry dishes: happiness can float away or fly away from home.
On this day, porridge was necessarily cooked, and many signs were associated with the cooking process of this dish. When the porridge was cooked, they looked to see if the pot was full. Moreover, the porridge should not "run away" from it, it was considered a bad omen. Even worse, if the pot cracked - this foreshadowed trouble for the whole house. But if the porridge is successful, there will be happiness and prosperity in the house. The unsuccessful porridge was not eaten, but thrown into the river.
If the night from 13 to 14 January the sky is clear and starry, it promised a good harvest of berries. On the morning of January 14, you need to shake the fruit trees in the garden, our ancestors believed that this would protect them from pests.
The popularity of this holiday is growing every year, many treat it as an independent holiday, calmer than the New Year's bustle. There is an opportunity to prolong the joy of the holiday in a relaxed atmosphere.
After the transition of our country to a new calendar, the onset of the New Year fell on the Christmas fast, but the Old New Year is celebrated after Christmas, when there is no longer a ban on the use of animal products that are not allowed during fasting.
Recently, a tradition has emerged in Russia to prepare dumplings with a surprise for the Old New Year. According to the find, one can assume what awaits a person in the coming year. For example, a coin - for a gift, a button - for a new thing, etc.