As Tatiana's Day was celebrated by Moscow students

On January 25 (January 12, old style), the Russian Empress Elizaveta Petrovna signed a decree "On the establishment of Moscow University" and this day became the date of the foundation of Moscow University. On this day, the Orthodox Church celebrates the feast of St. Tatiana, who has come to be considered the patroness of students.

At the beginning of the 19th century, Nicholas the First officially ordered to consider January 25 as Student's Day.

At first, Tatiana's day was celebrated only by Moscow students, and they did it on a grand scale - cheerfully, noisily with an indispensable feast, sleigh rides and ice skating.

At the beginning of the day, the official part of the holiday took place: a prayer service in the university church, a meeting in the assembly hall of the university, a speech by the rector and famous professors.

And then came the unofficial program of the student's holiday, vividly described by many Russian writers of the late 19th - early 20th centuries.

By 6 o'clock in the evening, crowds of students rushed to the Hermitage restaurant, located at the corner of Neglinnaya and Petrovsky Boulevard. Moscow was turning into a kingdom of students, their blue caps were visible everywhere, and the singing of "Gaudeamus", the student anthem, was heard.

Moreover, the holiday was democratic - it was celebrated not only by students, but also by university graduates of past years, who changed their ceremonial uniforms for more modest clothes before going to the restaurant. Often, students and high-ranking officials gathered around the same table, keeping the memory of their youth spent in the university walls.

The feast was accompanied by songs, toasts, speeches, sometimes quite free. Students were allowed a lot that day.

Even the police received an order from the management to treat the students more loyal that day. Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, in one of his feuilletons, recalled that everyone drank on this one "except for the Moskva River, and that was due to the fact that it was frozen."

Many students put a note in their pocket: "Please deliver this body to the specified address" and a change for the cab.

Soon after the revolution, the old traditions of the student holiday began to wither away: in 1918 the university church was closed. And in 1923, a decree was issued on the introduction of the Day of Proletarian Students. If the holiday was celebrated, then in a narrower circle, without its former scope.

The custom began to revive only in the 90s. In 1995, the Church of St. Tatiana at Moscow University was restored, and since 2006, January 25 has been celebrated in our country as the Day of Russian Students.