Once upon a time, August in our country was the last month of the year, as our ancestors celebrated the New Year on the first of September. But everything changed during the reign of Tsar Peter the Great, who at the end of 1699 issued a decree to postpone the New Year to January 1. As in Europe. And the month of August was no longer the twelfth, but the eighth month of the year.
The very name of the month was given in honor of the Roman Emperor Octavian Augustus. In Russia it was called differently. In the south, "serpen" is from the word "sickle" - an agricultural tool with the help of which grain ears are cut. And in the northern part of Russia - "glow", from the radiance of lightning. It is under these names that the month is mentioned in the ancient calendars and calendars.
There is a legend that initially there were only 30 days in August. Octavian Augustus himself ordered to add another one, so that this month should not be shorter than July, named after another Roman emperor, Julius Caesar. This day was taken from February, after which there are only 28 days left in the last winter month.
It is in August that nature changes its color. Even in the first days of the month, the foliage is bright green, and in the last days the first yellow leaves appear. In Central Russia, the average temperature in August is several degrees colder than in July. There are, albeit rarely, night frosts when the temperature drops below zero degrees. For example, in 1939, in the Moscow region, a negative air temperature was already recorded on August 11.
August is considered a difficult month for our country. In August 1662, an uprising took place, called the "Copper Riot", on August 1, 1914, the Russian Empire entered the First World War, and in August 1991 there was a "putsch", an event that directly influenced the collapse of the Soviet Union.
On August 1, 1903, 70 years after his death, the ascetic of the Russian Orthodox Church Seraphim of Sarov was canonized. The celebrations, with a huge crowd of people, took place in Sarov. The ceremony was attended by members of the imperial family, including Nicholas II himself and his wife, Empress Alexandra Feodorovna.
Railwayman's Day, which is celebrated on the first Sunday in August, has been celebrated in our country since 1936. It is interesting that this holiday was established in Russia back in 1896, but it was celebrated on a different day - July 6 (according to the new style). The date was not chosen by chance - the birthday of Emperor Nicholas I, during whose reign the first railways appeared in our country.
A huge number of folk signs are associated with August, with the help of which our ancestors tried to predict the weather for the coming autumn and winter. For example, a warm and rainy August promised an abundance of mushrooms. Frequent thunderstorms in August are a sign that autumn will be warm and long lasting. And if the bees already in August began to close the hives with wax, then the winter was expected to be severe.
We have August - the golden time of summer holidays, but in Antarctica it is one of the coldest months of the year. For example, at the Vostok polar station, the average temperature this month is minus 67 degrees Celsius. It also happens that the thermometer scale drops below 80 degrees. And the wind speed often exceeds 20 meters per second.
It is believed that people born in August have leadership qualities. Sometimes they are even conceited. They are well versed in finance, therefore, they are able to become successful businessmen. Of the famous politicians, one can recall Napoleon Bonaparte, who was born on August 15, 1769. But of the entrepreneurs, Charles Darrow is worth noting. He was born on August 10, 1889, and is known all over the world for having patented the popular game "Monopoly", which made him a millionaire.
Until the late 19th century, boxing was a violent sport. The opponents fought without gloves, therefore, many fights ended tragically. The last fight with bare fists took place on August 6, 1889. It met two American athletes - John Salpivan and Mitchell. Kipriwepp. After that, the use of gloves for boxers became mandatory.
In August, the first major victory of the Russian fleet was won. On August 9, 1714, Swedish ships were defeated at Cape Gangut. Tsar Peter the First equated this success with victory in the Battle of Poltava. The navy of the Russian state was still young, and Sweden was considered one of the largest maritime powers of that time.
On August 19, Russia celebrates the Day of the vest. In 1874, on this day, Emperor Alexander II signed a decree according to which a new uniform was introduced in the fleet. Including the underwear shirt - the vest. The initiator of such a decree was the Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich, admiral general of the Russian fleet. At first, the vests were bought abroad, therefore, first of all, they were handed over to participants on long sea voyages.