A moment… a thunderstorm roll, a drop of water, a flight…. We can consider all this to the smallest detail…. But who was the first to stop the instant of movement and how?
American Edward Mubridge - one of the founders of cinema, at one time made a great contribution to the development of photography, it was he who made and marked the beginning of a new stage in the history of photography - moving objects and events. But the story behind this photograph began with an ordinary controversy.
In 1872, the former governor of California and the founder of the university, Leland Stanford, once argued with his friend for $ 25, 000. Stanford argued that during the race, the horse lifts all four legs off the ground, and his friend argued that the horse must support at least one leg.
Stanford turned to Mubridge for help, as he was considered the best photographer at the time. Occident, the best hare in Stanford's stable, was chosen for this experiment. But the experiment did not prove anything, since the obtained photographs were indistinct, the photograph did not work in motion, despite even the quick-release shutter that Mubridge had invented earlier. The white canvas that covered the road did not help, so that there was more light, the photo process with wet plates was very slow at that time, and it was not possible to get clear pictures, that is, convincing evidence (although we can say that the former governor was right) ...
Moebridge was asked to continue his research, trying to photograph a moving horse. However, in the next 5 years, he was unable to continue experiments. Finally, he figured out what to do. He was faced with a daunting challenge, he recalls: “The challenge was to get a sharp and contrasting image on a wet colloid plate with an exposure so short that a horse's hoof moving at more than 30 yards per second would not“ blur ”(1 yard = 91 cm .).
On a sunny summer day, June 19, 1878, the former Governor of Stanford invited the San Francisco press to witness Mubridge filming a galloping mare and a trotting stallion. Muybridge aimed 12 cameras with falling shutters at the racetrack. On the opposite side of the walkway were white sheets lined with black lines. Twelve thin threads were stretched across the track, each of which was connected to the shutter of the corresponding camera, which was set in motion by a spring.
When Occident ran, he sequentially began to break the threads, thereby activating the locks. As a result, Muybridge received several images, which showed that Occident "clearly lifts all four legs off the surface of the earth."
The dispute for 25 thousand dollars, marked the arrival of a new stage in the development of photography, and entered the participants of this experiment into history….