It is interesting that Verkhoyansk and Oymyakon are "arguing" for the right to be called the coldest settlement in Russia. Each of them has its own weighty arguments.
In Verkhoyansk on January 15, 1885, a temperature of -67.1 degrees Celsius was recorded. This fact was recorded at the local meteorological station by Sergei Filippovich Kovalik, a revolutionary populist who was serving political exile in Verkhoyansk for participating in illegal circles. At that time, it was the record for the lowest temperature in Russia.
Several years passed, and the record was broken. Moreover, in the same Verkhoyansk. In February 1892, a temperature of -69.8 degrees was recorded here. However, later an error in the calculation was discovered and 2 degrees were "stolen" from the record. It was officially recognized that the temperature on that day was -67.8 degrees. Already in the 21st century, or rather, in 2005, a memorial sign was even installed in Verkhoyansk on the 120th anniversary of the registration of the lowest temperature in Russia.
On January 26, 1926, the title "The coldest settlement in Russia" could go to the village of Oymyakon. On this day, the air temperature in Oymyakon dropped to -71, 2 degrees. However, it was not possible to officially register this achievement: the air temperature was measured by a certain exiled (again exiled!) Scientist, not a meteorological station.
Oymyakon is located between the mountains, where cold air is concentrated, as if in a trap, therefore, winter air temperatures below 50 degrees in Oymyakon are common.
Thus, the dispute over Russia's coldest point remains open. Perhaps a compromise can be found in it: Verkhoyansk can be considered the official capital of the cold, and Oymyakon is the unofficial one. By the way, there are also some questions about the name of the village of Oymyakon. According to one version, translated from the Yakut language, Oymyakon means "Crazy cold", according to the other - "Non-freezing water". The second option also has its own explanation: a hot spring gushes out of the ground near the village.
It will be interesting to know - how do Russia's cold records look at the world level? The coldest continent is, of course, Antarctica. It was here that on July 21, 1983, at the Soviet (!) Polar station "Vostok", a temperature of -89.2 degrees was recorded. True, it should be noted that in Antarctica, unlike Verkhoyansk and Oymyakon, there is no permanent population.