Adam's apple or where maklura grows

Adam's apple is the fruit of an orange maclura, a large tree up to 20 meters high and up to 1 meter in diameter with a dense crown and bright green leaves, growing in Central Asia (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan), Crimea and the Caucasus. Another name is Chinese (Indian) orange. The tree is native to North America, from the mulberry family.

Adam's apple is a large fruit, up to 15 cm in diameter, with wrinkled orange-green skin, resembling an orange in shape and color. Poisonous. Maclura fruit extract inhibits tumor cells, which has been experimentally confirmed.

In official medicine, the tree has not been studied enough. But it is mentioned as a source of valuable nutrients. When cut with a knife, a sticky liquid is released - this is milky juice, with which all parts of the plant are literally saturated. There are many cyclic triterpene alcohols in the milky juice of maclura in the form of fatty acid esters. This class of biologically active substances, widespread in the plant world, includes sterols, bile acids, saponins. The total content of triterpenoids in makliura seedlings during the period of milk ripeness reaches 4%. The chemical composition of the fruit is very diverse, but there are many similar substances as in mulberry. However, the fruit of the maclura is not edible. There are a lot of sugars, pectin substances up to 10% in the seed, and almost 13% of citric acid in the leaves. Seeds - small nuts, placed inside the fruit, contain almost 30% fatty acids. But the most valuable substances of maclura are flavonoid compounds. This group of substances is similar in structure to the P-vitamin. In fact, these are powerful antioxidants with anti-sclerotic and anti-cancer properties that modern people need so much. The largest amount of flavonols contains - kaempferol - up to 1.2%. It is these substances that have a yellow-orange (orange) color. In large quantities (about 6%), isomeric compounds of flavonoids - isoflavones - are also contained in fruits. Most of them are osayin. Like many polyphenols with P-vitamin activity, they strengthen blood vessels and capillaries. Moreover, osayin is much higher in efficiency than the well-known rutin. Not surprisingly, the flavonoid phytoproduct isolated from maclura stems can be widely used as an effective cardiovascular agent. Unfortunately, there are still no enthusiasts for creating, testing and organizing the production of herbal products from bakery.

In folk medicine, the milky juice of maclura is used to treat various skin diseases - dermatitis, eczema, wounds and pendino ulcers, as well as to treat skin cancer, radiculitis, rheumatism, polyarthritis, hypertension and hemorrhagic pathologies.