Interesting facts about larch

Interesting facts »Plants» Interesting facts about larch

  1. Interesting fact - larch is the most widespread tree in our country. Suffice it to say that the territory occupied by larch in Russia could accommodate five such large states as France. In the world, larch forests occupy about 8% of the area of ​​all forests. Despite the fact that larch belongs to conifers, it sheds its needles every autumn.
  2. The Latin name for larch is Larix. Even scientists cannot name its exact origin. According to one version, the name originates from the Celtic word "lar", which means "rich". There is also an assumption that the name of the tree was given by the Latin "laridum", that is, "bold". This version can be easily explained, the tree is really impregnated with resin, like fat.
  3. Larch trees can be up to 80 meters in height and a trunk diameter of up to 2 meters. The tree grows especially quickly in the first 20 years of life, adding up to 1 meter in growth per season. This tree can be attributed to long-livers, the average life span of larch is 300-400 years, but some specimens are able to survive twice as long. The record holder is a tree that has stood for more than 10 centuries - 1104 years.
  4. Although larch is a very common tree, it is not easy to use in construction. Due to the high density of wood, wood is very difficult to process. In addition, it is almost impossible to float larch along rivers, even after a short stay in the water, the tree begins to sink. By the way, the tree does not rot in water for centuries. Suffice it to say that most of the houses in Venice stand on stilts made of larch. At the same time, the age of some houses reaches 500 years.
  5. Larch transplants very easily at a young age. Even 20-year-old trees take root almost painlessly. The main thing is that the new place is bright, since larch is very light-requiring. The tree tolerates frost relatively easily, therefore, it is often found even beyond the Arctic Circle.
  6. At the beginning of the 18th century, by order of Peter the Great, piles were made from larch trunks for the construction of St. Petersburg, because the city was also built on water. During the reign of Peter's niece Anna Ioannovna, the famous forester, or, as he was then called, "forest expert" Ferdinand Gabriel Fokel, laid a larch grove near St. Petersburg, which has survived to this day.
  7. It is no longer possible to drive a nail into a well-dried larch tree, since the strength of the trunk can be compared to metal. It is no less difficult to pull out a nail that was driven many years ago into a not dried tree, it often happens that the head of the nail comes off, so firmly the wood grows together with the metal. The density of a tree, by the way, largely depends on the place of its growth. The highest density is in larch grown in Altai. The density of European relatives is much lower.
  8. The famous Krylatskoye cycle track was built in Moscow in 1979 for the 1980 Olympics. This structure is one of the five best cycle tracks in the world, dozens of world records have been set on it, and 13 of them were set during the Olympic Games. The best athletes develop speeds of up to 90 kilometers per hour here. The cycle track was covered with Siberian larch wood.
  9. Scientists claim that products made from larch can clean the air of harmful substances. And the phytoncides that wood secretes, lower blood pressure and help fight colds. Therefore, for people suffering from hypertension, walks in the forests in which larch grows are useful. Larch needles are also widely used in folk medicine. Vitamin C in it is several times more than in lemon.
  10. Products made from larch root are even more durable than stem products. In the State Historical and Art Museum of the city of Sergiev Posad, there is a bucket that was carved from the root in the 18th century. Looking at this exhibit, it is impossible even to assume that it is already 300 years old.
  11. The peoples of Siberia have a legend about why larch, the only coniferous tree, sheds its needles. Nearby grew a beautiful larch and a plain cedar. Once hungry cubs approached the trees, and the cedar, to feed them, dropped cones. But the beautiful larch even had nothing to treat the poor animals with. Hey felt so ashamed that even the needles turned yellow and crumbled.
  12. The coat of arms of the village of Kharampur, which is located in the Yamalo-Nenets Okrug, is decorated with a golden larch and two silver swans in an azure field. Interestingly, the very name of the village is translated from the Nenets language as "larch on a noisy river." The coat of arms was officially approved not so long ago - on June 22, 2012.