The Vatican is the smallest country in the world, but it is independent and sovereign. However, the Vatican can always be found on the political map of the world. Look for the capital of Italy, Rome, it is in its western part that the city-state is located.
44 hectares of area and a little less than a thousand people, but the sphere of influence is the whole world! The theocratic monarchy, headed by the Pope, was formed on February 11, 1929 by the Lutheran agreement between the Roman Catholic Church and the Italian authorities.
Each of the buildings is a landmark. It is safe to call the Vatican the largest open-air museum, although it is only a few streets and two squares. The entire city is surrounded by a wall that cannot be seen only when standing on the central square of St. Peter.
The citizens of the Vatican are divided into two categories: the minister of the Holy See and the personal Swiss guard of the Pope. Citizenship cannot be inherited and is taken away upon retirement. If a person ceases to be a citizen of the Vatican and does not have the citizenship of any other state, he is granted Italian citizenship.
But the Vatican has its own passports, currency, press, stamps, football teams, coat of arms, flag, anthem, bank and even an internet server. Speaking of football teams: they are named after the players' place of work - "Bank", "Guardsmen", "Telepochta", "National Team of Museums".
On the map of the Vatican (and it is), 78 names are put. It is worth noting that there is Sports Street on it, which is actually a small path leading to the only sports facility in the country - a tennis court.
The smallest country in the world has only 2 types of armed forces: the Papal Gendarmerie and the Swiss Guard. The Gendarmerie performs police functions, and the Swiss Guard is not subordinate to anyone except the Holy See.
The Vatican does not have a national language, but it has its own radio station broadcasting in 20 different languages around the world.
There is no agriculture in the country.
The Vatican railway line is only 700 meters long. Air transport is a little more developed - there is its own helipad, the Vatican Heliport.
The library at the Vatican is one of the largest libraries in the world for the content of manuscripts and manuscripts.
In 1983, the Vatican became the only country where not a single child was born.
The Pope is elected by the cardinals for a life term and all branches of government are concentrated in his hands. As of January 2015, the Catholic Church had 266 Popes in total.
The Vatican has a non-profit planned economy. That is, the sources of state income are primarily donations from Catholics around the world, tourism and the sale of souvenirs. The country's annual budget is estimated at about $ 310 million. Despite this, the received profit exceeds it by 100 percent.
The Holy See maintains diplomatic relations with 174 countries of the world, in which it is represented by papal ambassadors (nuncios). The Vatican is also a member of 15 international organizations, including WHO, WTO, UNESCO, OSCE and FAO.