Ostap Bender, a character in the works of Ilf and Petrov, dreamed of leaving for Rio de Janeiro. In his opinion, this city was not inferior in its magnificence to the best cities in the world, and the entire population without exception walks in white pants. But it's true, Rio de Janeiro is really very interesting.
The population of Rio de Janeiro is about 6.5 million inhabitants. It is the second largest city in Brazil after São Paulo.
The city was founded on March 1, 1565, and was originally named San Sebastian de Rio de Janeiro, in honor of the King of Portugal Sebastian I. And the name Rio de Janeiro means "January river". The Portuguese, who landed here at the beginning of the 16th century, took the bay, on the banks of which the city later arose, for the mouth of the river.
In 1808, the King of Portugal, fleeing Napoleon's troops, fled with his family to Rio de Janeiro. The city was declared the capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarve. Thus, the Portuguese capital was many thousands of kilometers from the country. Rio de Janeiro was the capital of Portugal until 1822.
In 1921, on the eve of the centenary of Brazil's independence, the construction of the Christ the Redeemer monument began in Rio. The statue was opened 9 years later - in 1931. The height of the monument is 38 meters. In 2007, the statue was included in the list of New Wonders of the World. Now she is as famous as the Eiffel Tower in Paris or the Statue of Liberty in New York.
Among other things, Rio de Janeiro is famous all over the world for its carnivals. Guests from all over the world gather to watch this spectacle. At this time, there is a shortage of hotel rooms in the city and a rapid rise in housing prices. Street crime is also on the rise.
By the way, the rest of the time, crime is very high here. Back in 1972, according to UN estimates, Rio ranked second in the world in terms of crime, behind only Chicago.
In 1988, the Brazilian Banana Party nominated Chimpanzee Tigno from the local zoo as a candidate for mayor of the city. Interestingly, about 400, 000 voters voted for the chimpanzee. The unusual candidate took 3rd place out of 12 competitors for the mayor's chair.
The metro was opened in Rio on March 5, 1979. Currently, the metro in the city has 36 stations.
Football in Rio de Janeiro, as well as throughout Brazil, is incredibly popular. According to statistics, football matches are regularly attended by three quarters of the city's population. In 1950, the final match of the world championship between the national teams of Brazil and Uruguay was held here at the legendary Maracanã stadium. In 2014, Brazil hosted the world football championship for the second time, and in 2016 the Summer Olympic Games will be held in Rio de Janeiro.