There are several versions of the origin of the city's name. According to one of them, Madrid - comes from the Arabic "majer-it", which means "full-flowing source".
The first settlers of Madrid were the Moors. In 927, the city was founded as a Moorish fortification, and is mentioned in the annals under the name Magerit.
Madrid became the capital of Spain in 1561 under King Philip II, formerly the main city of the country was Valladolid. The city was chosen by the king as the seat of the royal court for purely pragmatic reasons and even on a whim. It was just a small village, however, well located between two large cities - Toledo and Segovia. It was beneficial for the king to weaken these cities, especially Toledo, which was at the mercy of wealthy and powerful archbishops. In Madrid, it was neither the aristocracy nor the church that had much influence. That is why Madrid is also called the "Intentional City".
Currently, Madrid has over 3 million inhabitants.
Madrid is located exactly in the center of Spain. On the Puerta del Sol square, there is a monument to the zero kilometer, from here the countdown of the main roads of the country begins.
Forecasters say the Spanish capital has more sunny days than any other European city. There are about 250 sunny days a year.
Madrid is the most mountainous European capital. It is located 650 meters above sea level.
On Sundays from March to October, the famous bullfights take place in the city, attracting tourists from all over the world. There is even a Bullfighting Museum in Madrid. One of its exhibits is the costume of the young bullfighter Manolete, slaughtered to death by bulls.
Spain is rightfully considered the birthplace of many brave seafarers. But the capital itself is far from the sea - about 300 kilometers.
In the capital of Spain, there are more than 70 different museums, although there is not a single historical and cultural structure of a world scale!
Madrid is the only city in Europe with a Devil Monument located in the Retiro Park. El Angel Caido (Fallen Angel) by Ricardo Belver tells the story of Lucifer's expulsion from paradise.
Real Madrid Football Club has been named the greatest football team in the world of the 20th century. Real Madrid are also the richest club on the planet, with a budget of over 900 million euros. And the matches of two bitter rivals, Real Madrid and Barcelona, are one of the most important sporting events in the country.
Don't be surprised if the people of Madrid greet you with two kisses on the cheek, this is the normal way to greet people in Madrid.
Interesting fact: the city still has a municipal code of laws adopted in 1948. There are a number of very interesting prohibitions in this set.
It is forbidden to block tram tracks. At the same time, the trams themselves, like the tracks, have long disappeared from the streets of the city.
Coal miners are prohibited from returning home in work clothes. By the way, this ban has not yet lost its relevance: on the outskirts of the city, houses have survived, where they still burn coal.
Only in the 21st century was the decree to the owners of guard dogs canceled. According to this decree, only males could be watchdogs, moreover, not younger than 6 months. Discrimination "based on age and sex" has recently been abolished.
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