The concept of "happiness" is, of course, relative, but scientists from the UK in 2006 developed a kind of International Happiness Index, with the help of which they decided to find out - in which country of the world do the happiest people live? The assessment was carried out according to three main parameters - ecology, life expectancy, and, finally, the satisfaction of citizens themselves with their lives. The results were somewhat unexpected: the happiest people live in the tiny state of Costa Rica. How much do we know about this country? Here are just a few interesting facts.
The area of the state is 51 thousand square kilometers. The Voronezh region has approximately the same area. And less than 5 million inhabitants live in the "happy country".
Residents of Costa Rica are very concerned about nature, it is not surprising that a fourth of the country is occupied by national parks. Forests cover 2/3 of the territory of the state. Such valuable tree species as balsa and ebony have been preserved here.
Translated from Spanish, the name of the country means "Rich Coast". The fourth expedition of Christopher Columbus arrived here in 1502. Europeans were amazed by the fact that the locals were literally hung with massive gold jewelry.
The Spaniards began to actively search for gold here, however, they found few deposits. And gold was brought here from Peru. But, to this day, there are persistent rumors about untold treasures that simply cannot be discovered.
One of the places where gold is found is Cocos Island, the largest uninhabited island in the Pacific Ocean. Over the past 200 years, about 300 expeditions have visited it, but no one has been able to find the treasure. At least, he did not officially announce it.
Before the era of colonization, the territory of modern Costa Rica was inhabited by the Huetara Indians. Currently, the descendants of Indians in the country are very few, 2/3 of the population of Costa Rica are representatives of the Caucasian race, and the Indians are just over 2 percent.
Only in 2012, road signs appeared in the country. In addition, local drivers are not prohibited from driving while intoxicated. True, if an accident occurs through the fault of such a driver, the punishment will be severe.
In 1948, the country experienced a 44-day civil war that claimed more than 2, 000 lives. After the end of hostilities, the country's government decided to disband the army and further refrain from any military conflicts. Moreover, the ban on the creation of a professional army is enshrined in the country's Constitution. A civil guard has been formed to maintain order.
All of Costa Rica's electricity comes from renewable sources. Due to the large amount of precipitation, the rivers of the country are full-flowing, therefore, hydroelectric power plants generate energy in the required amount. However, it should be noted that there is not a lot of large-scale production, which requires a lot of electricity, in the country.
In 1991, a resident of Costa Rica, Gilberto Sedden, picked up a badly wounded crocodile on the banks of the river. Sedden took him home, where he nursed him for several months. But, even after recovering, the crocodile did not want to leave his savior. Sedden released him into the river, but the animal stubbornly returned back. I had to settle him in a pond next to the house, where Pochcho (as the owner named his pet), lived 20 years and died of old age.