Interesting facts about Lapland

At the word “Lapland”, most of us will probably immediately remember that there is the residence of Santa Claus, or, as the Finns call it, Joulupukki. That's probably all. But this land, even without the protagonist of the Christmas and New Year holidays, is very interesting. Here are just a few interesting facts about this region.

  1. Geographically Lapland is located on the territory of four states: Russia, Norway, Sweden and Finland. Moreover, in Finland, it occupies a third of the territory.
  2. Lapland covers an impressive area of ​​over 100, 000 square kilometers. This roughly corresponds to the territory of a state like Iceland. But the population density is low here - less than two people per square kilometer.
  3. But there are more reindeer than people here, therefore, along the highways there are often signs with the inscription: "Caution, reindeer!" Reindeer husbandry is the main occupation of the 8, 000 local residents.
  4. Reindeer and fish are used to prepare a wide variety of dishes. And in Lapland, "squeaky cheese" is very popular - the cheese mass is baked in the oven or fried, therefore, it creaks on the teeth while eating.
  5. The administrative center of Finnish Lapland is the city of Rovaniemi, with a population of about 60, 000. At the same time, the total area of ​​Rovaniemi is about 8, 000 square kilometers: due to the nearest villages and communes, which are also officially included in the city limits. Those who have seen the city from the air claim that the layout of its streets resembles a deer's antlers.
  6. Interestingly, the largest city in Lapland is our Murmansk. At the moment, the population of this Russian city is about 300, 000 people. It is also the largest city of those located beyond the Arctic Circle.
  7. In summer, the sun does not set below the horizon for two and a half months, but in winter the polar night can last up to one month. At this time, you can see the northern lights here. And the best place for this is Abisku National Park, where, due to constant winds, the sky is not covered with clouds.
  8. Inari is the largest lake in Lapland, with an area of ​​1100 square kilometers. The lake is not only huge, but also clean; local residents assure that you can safely drink water from it. More than two dozen rivers flow into the Inari, and only one flows out - the Pasvik.
  9. If Lapland is considered the birthplace of Santa Claus, then the winters are harsh there. The minimum temperature was recorded on January 28, 1999 in the small village of Pokko. The thermometer on that day dropped to minus 51.5 degrees.
  10. Gold has been mined in Lapland since the 1860s. At that time, Finland was part of the Russian Empire. After Emperor Alexander II allowed gold to be mined here in 1868, hundreds of "fortune hunters" rushed to Lapland.
  11. The Gold Museum is currently open in Tankavaara. Visitors can not only get acquainted with the history and life of the miners, but also try their luck with a tray in their hands.