The city of Rostov the Great is sometimes confused with the "namesake" - Rostov-on-Don, but they are separated not only by a decent distance, but also by a huge difference in the dates of foundation: Temernitskaya customs on the site of modern Rostov-on-Don was founded by order of Empress Elizabeth 1749 year. But the first information about Rostov the Great, which is now in the Yaroslavl Region, dates back to the distant 862. This is one of the oldest cities in Russia.
10 interesting facts about Rostov the Great
- Rostov is mentioned by Nestor the chronicler in his "Tale of Bygone Years", in the 9th century a Slavic settlement appeared here, on the shores of Lake Nero, and the Merya tribe used to live. The city grew rapidly and in the 11th century it became the center of the Vladimir-Suzdal principality, and in 1207 an independent Rostov principality was formed.
- The baptism of Rus took place, as you know, in 988. Prince Vladimir then baptized the people of Kiev. And four years later he arrived in Rostov to baptize local residents. Thus, Rostov the Great is the second city of Russia to adopt Christianity. In 2015, a Poklonnaya Cross made of granite was erected on the shores of Lake Nero to commemorate this event.
- During the Mongol invasion, the Rostov squad, led by Prince Vasilk, took part in the battle on the City River. The chroniclers noted that the prince was "red in face, bright and formidable in his eyes, light in heart, brave in battle, wise in advice, reasonable in deeds." The life of the brave ruler ended tragically: Vasil'k was captured and executed for refusing to go into the service of the Mongol khan. His body was delivered to Rostov and buried in his hometown.
- In 1474, the lands of the Rostov principality became part of the Russian state, while the city itself for a long time retained the status of one of the country's religious centers, the Rostov bishops bore the title of metropolitan. And the Rostov Fair attracted many merchants; a major trade route passed here, which connected Moscow with the Russian North.
- Rostov the Great is called the birthplace of the epic hero Alyosha Popovich. It is believed that his prototype was the brave Rostov boyar Alexander, or, as he was also called, Olesha Popovich, who served first at Prince Vsevolod the Big Nest, and then at his son Konstantin Vsevolodovich. According to the chronicles, Alyosha Popovich did not stand out among the heroes with enormous physical strength. Its main advantage is agility and resourcefulness. By the way, when the famous Russian artist Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov was working on his painting "Heroes", he painted Alyosha Popovich not from any mighty athlete, but from a 13-year-old boy Andrei, the son of a Moscow entrepreneur and patron of the arts Savva Ivanovich Mamontov.
- The city still retains its historical appearance nowadays, therefore, it constantly attracts film crews who work on historical films. It was in Rostov the Great that many episodes of Leonid Gaidai's comedy "Ivan Vasilyevich Changes His Profession" were filmed. Filming lasted seven days, and the local museum-reserve received as a gift some of the filmmakers' props: several costumes of Russian guards and berdysh. They are kept in the museum to this day.
- Lake Nero, on the banks of which the city arose, was once deep-water; in 1883, thanks to the local merchant Emelyanov, even the first steamer appeared here, which delivered passengers and cargo from Rostov to the village of Ugodichi. Now the lake is very shallow, the steamer stopped its work in the sixties of the twentieth century. The lake is also not very suitable for swimming, its waters are heavily polluted, "thanks" to human economic activity.
- The city is famous for the production of enamel - artistic enamel on a metal substrate. This craft appeared here in the 18th century thanks to the Rostov Metropolitan Arseny Matseevich. There were two main centers of enamel in Russia - Vologda and Rostov the Great.
- The Rostov Fair was one of the largest in Russia. This means that the merchants were not poor here either. One of the wealthiest residents of the city was Alexei Leontievich Kekin, a merchant of the first guild. Kekin generously donated funds to charity: he built a water supply system, founded the Museum of Church Antiquities, and financed the reconstruction of the Rostov Kremlin. in 1885, Kekin suffered a great grief, his son and only heir Maximilian died. The inconsolable father bequeathed all his fortune to his hometown.
- Rostov Veliky is one of the main tourist centers of Russia, annually visited by about 200, 000 guests. And this is almost seven times more than the number of Rostovites themselves. You can get from Moscow to Rostov Veliky by tourist bus in a few hours. In addition, several trains from the capital pass through the city every day.