Only three cities in Russia are ahead of Yekaterinburg in terms of population. These are Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk. As of 2020, Yekaterinburg, the largest city in the Urals, has almost 1, 500, 000 inhabitants. The millionth inhabitant was born in the city more than half a century ago - in 1967.
The city was founded during the reign of Peter the Great. At the beginning of the 18th century, the need for metal for the army increased sharply in Russia, since at that time the Northern War with Sweden was going on. In the spring of 1720, Peter sent Vasily Nikitich Tatishchev to the Urals to organize state-owned factories here. The founding date of Yekaterinburg is November 7 (old style), 1723. At this time, the State Metallurgical Plant began to work on the Iset River. And the settlement that arose nearby was named Yekaterinburg, in honor of the wife of Peter the Great, who a few years later became the empress.
An interesting coincidence: the city was founded by the decree of the first Russian emperor Peter. In the same city, the last Russian emperor Nicholas II tragically died in the summer of 1918; This house has not survived to this day; it was demolished in the fall of 1977. The official version is that the building interfered with the development of the city.
From 1725 to 1876 the Yekaterinburg Mint worked in the city. Most of all copper coins in circulation in the territory of the Russian Empire were minted here. Of interest to numismatists are coins issued in 1762 with the monogram of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna. The daughter of Peter the Great died in December 1761, but news of this reached Yekaterinburg only a few months later. All this time, the plant continued to produce Elizabethan coins, although Peter the Third had already ascended the throne.
The city was not always called Yekaterinburg. In 1924 it was renamed Sverdlovsk in honor of the famous statesman Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov. The city had a new name for more than sixty years. Only in 1991 it was decided to return its historical name. Interestingly, the region is still called Sverdlovsk.
The famous announcer Yuri Levitan reports the Information Bureau from 1941 to 1943. read from Sverdlovsk. All radio towers were dismantled in Moscow at that time, as they could be landmarks for enemy aircraft. In 1943, Levitan worked already in Kuibyshev, and then returned to the capital again. The announcer moved to Sverdlovsk in an atmosphere of strict secrecy, the Nazis promised a huge reward for his head.
On January 7, 1950, a terrible plane crash occurred in Sverdlovsk. The Air Force hockey team, which was supervised by the son of the "leader of the peoples" Vasily Iosifovich Stalin, flew to the match in Chelyabinsk. Due to poor visibility, it was decided to land at the Sverdlovsk airfield. They had to sit down during a severe blizzard, the plane crashed to the ground. Killed 19 people - 11 hockey players, a doctor and masseur of the team, as well as 6 crew members.
In 1963, the leader of the Cuban revolution, Fidel Castro, visited Sverdlovsk. His visit became a big event in the life of the city, Spanish courses were opened at the local university, and eleven newborns who were born while Fidel Castro was here were named in his honor.
There are many monuments in Yekaterinburg, some of which are unusual. For example, one of them is dedicated to Gennady Bukin, the hero of the popular TV series "Happy Together". We can recall another curious fact: the metal for the famous Statue of Liberty, which is located in the United States, was cast in Yekaterinburg.
The political career of the first President of the Russian Federation Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin began in Sverdlovsk. In 1976 he took the post of the first secretary of the Sverdlovsk regional committee of the CPSU and held this position for 9 years. In 1985, Yeltsin was transferred to Moscow, where he headed the construction department for several months, and then became the head of the Moscow City Committee of the CPSU.
One of the modern attractions of Yekaterinburg is the Vysotsky skyscraper, the construction of which was completed in 2011. The height of the skyscraper is 188.3 meters, it is one of the tallest buildings in Russia. That is why he was not ignored by the Frenchman Alain Robin, the famous conqueror of skyscrapers, nicknamed "Spider-Man". Robin climbed the skyscraper in Yekaterinburg on September 24, 2014.
Yekaterinburg is a sports city. Yekaterinburg won at the Olympic Games, since 1952, 137 awards, of which 46 are gold. In 2018, Yekaterinburg became one of the cities in which the matches of the FIFA World Cup were held. The local stadium, which was thoroughly reconstructed for the world championship, hosted four matches.