Interesting facts about the Caspian Sea

Interesting facts "Geography" Interesting facts about the Caspian Sea

  1. The Caspian Sea, in its essence, is a huge lake, since it has no connection with the World Ocean, it is closed and endless. But, in size, the Caspian "lake" surpasses many of the world's seas, therefore, an exception was made for it.
  2. The salinity of water in the Caspian Sea is three times lower than in the World Ocean. This is due to the fact that more than 100 rivers flow into it, replenishing the Caspian with fresh water. The main contribution is made, of course, by the Volga, which supplies about 80 percent of all fresh water to the sea.
  3. The total area of ​​the Caspian Sea is about 370, 000 square kilometers. This is approximately equal to the territory of countries such as Zimbabwe, Japan and Germany. By the way, the water level in the Caspian Sea is subject to significant fluctuations.
  4. The Caspian Sea washes the shores of five states - Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Iran. Throughout the history of mankind, a huge number of very different peoples lived here, it is not surprising that about 70 names of the Caspian Sea have survived: Khvalynskoye, Derbent, Khazar, Girkan and so on. By the way, he was called Khvalynsky in Russian chronicles.
  5. One of the main resources of the Caspian Sea is valuable fish species. About 80 percent of all world sturgeon resources are concentrated here. Therefore, illegal fishing and caviar are developed here. The issue of preserving the sturgeon population is international. It is being addressed at the level of states that include the Caspian Sea.
  6. A huge beluga weighing 1224 kg was caught by Russian fishermen on May 11, 1922, at the confluence of the Volga into the Caspian Sea. Moreover, the weight of the caviar alone was 146 kg, and the head weighed even more - 288 kg. There are legends about larger specimens, but they are not supported by any documentary evidence.
  7. In 1968, on the coast of the Caspian Sea, not far from Makhachkala, the cult Soviet film "The White Sun of the Desert" was filmed. It was here that the props erected the house of the customs officer Vereshchagin. And the longboat Derbent from the Makhachkala port moored to the shore. True, in the film it had a different name - "Tver".
  8. According to treasure hunters, untold treasures are kept at the bottom of the Caspian Sea: as a result of storms, sea battles and other disasters, a huge number of ships with valuable cargo sank into the sea. Several years ago, the famous American diver Bill Warren came up with an initiative: to explore the Caspian in order to find treasures. The American is sure there are a lot of them at the bottom of the sea.
  9. The explored oil reserves in the Caspian Sea are impressive - about 10 billion tons. And the first oil wells on the Absheron shelf were drilled in the first half of the 19th century. And since 1949, oil began to be extracted from the bottom of the sea.
  10. In the early fifties of the last century, Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin expressed an unusual idea: to drain the Caspian Sea in order to increase oil production. The Volga bed was planned to be diverted to Northern Kazakhstan. Soviet hydrologists hardly managed to dissuade the "leader of the peoples" from such a grandiose project, which could end in a climatic catastrophe. They proved to Stalin that no pumps would be enough to pump out the sea, even if the main rivers flowing into it were blocked.