Interesting facts about deserts

Interesting facts »Geography» Interesting facts about deserts

  1. The world's smallest desert is called Carcross. It is located in Canada in the Yukon Territory. The area of ​​the desert is only 2.6 square kilometers. We can say that it consists of only a few dunes. Many millennia ago there was a reservoir here, which then dried up, leaving sand dunes in memory of itself. This tiny desert is very popular with tourists, especially since the railway passes nearby.
  2. In the Mojave Desert, California, there is a telephone booth that was installed here in the sixties of the last century. It was intended for miners and geologists working in the area. The distance to the nearest settlement is more than a dozen kilometers. Many Americans dialed her number, hoping that someone would answer. A certain Rikk Karr lived around her for 32 days, during which time he managed to answer more than 500 calls. In 2000, the booth was dismantled, now only a memorial plaque reminds of its existence.
  3. Africa's Namib Desert is home to the world's tallest dunes. They were formed for a long time under the influence of winds. They all have their own names or at least are numbered. For example, the height of dune # 7 is almost 390 meters. Under the guidance of experienced guides, you can climb to its top, from where a wonderful view opens up.
  4. All the deserts of the planet cover an area of ​​about 21, 000, 000 square kilometers. This is approximately 14 percent of the total land surface of our planet. At the same time, the territory of Antarctica and the Arctic, where the polar deserts are located, is not taken into account. The largest sandy desert is the Sahara. Its territory (about 9, 000, 000 square kilometers) is three times the area of ​​Yakutia, the largest constituent entity of the Russian Federation.
  5. In 1994, Italian police officer Mauro Prosperi decided to take part in an endurance race called the Marathon des Sables. Participants need to cover about 250 kilometers by jogging across the Sahara in a few days. An Italian lost his way during a sandstorm. They found him only after 9 days. During this time, Prosperi was able to walk about 300 kilometers, losing 18 kilograms of his own weight. Four years later, he again took part in the marfon. But, I couldn't get to the finish line again. This time he broke his toe.
  6. In the Soviet Union, "Kara-Kum" chocolates were very popular, which were made at many confectionery factories in the country. They got their name from the desert, which occupies most of the territory of Turkmenistan.
  7. And in the center of the Kyzylkum desert is the city of Uchkuduk, which became known throughout the Soviet Union thanks to the song of the Yalla group. In the fifties of the last century, large deposits of uranium ores were discovered in the desert, a few years later a whole city grew up here. Translated from the Uzbek language "uchkuduk" means "three wells". They were dug here for a geological expedition.
  8. In June 1967, a six-day war broke out between Egypt and Israel. Despite the fact that more than 50 years have passed since this conflict, minefields still remain in the border desert areas. Camels often wander here, which ends sadly for them. No wonder this area is called "the land of flying camels".
  9. The African burrowing frog is most active during the rainy season. And she escapes from the heat in burrows at a depth of 15-20 centimeters. At this time, the frog secretes a large amount of mucus, which envelops the body, saving it from death. In such a "cocoon" the frog hibernates, which can last up to 7 years.
  10. The territory of Saudi Arabia is about 2, 000, 000 square kilometers. At the same time, there is not a single river here, most of the country is occupied by deserts. Only after rainstorms, dry river beds are filled with water for some time. The longest of these rivers is Er-Rumma, the length of the channel is about 900 kilometers.
  11. Many desert plants have roots up to 20 meters deep. Only in this way they manage to get to the saving moisture. Most often, the length of the roots significantly exceeds the ground part of the plant.
  12. The famous Soviet film "The White Sun of the Desert" directed by Vladimir Motyl was filmed in Dagestan on the shores of the Caspian Sea. Some of the filming took place in Turkmenistan. The hot climate took its toll on the actors. For example, Nikolai Godovikov, who played the role of the Red Army soldier Petrukha, fell ill, his temperature rose sharply. But, even in this state, the actor found the strength to continue working.
  13. The Palacio de Sal Hotel is located in Bolivia on the edge of the Salar de Uyuni Desert. It became famous for being built from salt blocks. In total, the construction took about 10 thousand tons of salt, the most affordable material in these places. it does not rain often here, which saves the hotel from destruction. But there is another problem, many tourists, trying to make sure that the hotel is really made of salt, taste the walls. Even though it is strictly prohibited by the owners of the establishment.