Interesting facts about the Moscow River

How to speak and write correctly: "On the Moskva River" or "On the Moskva River"? Most linguists believe that the expression "On the Moscow River" would be correct. In his article "On the culture of speech, " the famous Russian and Soviet writer Fyodor Glazkov noted: "At one time I managed to achieve the declination of the Moskva River." And the phrase "On the Moscow River" has a more colloquial coloration. Although, not everyone agrees with this.

12 interesting facts about the Moscow River

  1. People began to populate the Moskva River basin in the Stone Age. This is evidenced by archaeological excavations. In the 8th century AD, the first Slavic settlements appeared on the banks of the river; to this day, burial mounds have been preserved here. For the Slavs, the Moskva River was an important transport artery.
  2. This is the largest river flowing through our capital. True, the Moskva River originates in the neighboring Smolensk region, and flows into the Oka in the Kolomna region. The length of the river bed within the boundaries of Moscow is about 80 kilometers. The channel width reaches 200 meters, and the maximum depth is 14 meters. In addition to Moscow, there are several other cities on the river: Mozhaisk, Zvenigorod, Krasnogorsk, Dzerzhinsky, Lytkarino, Zhukovsky, Bronnitsy, Voskresensk and Kolomna.
  3. Moscow is not called the "Port of Five Seas" for nothing. For the first time this phrase was expressed in 1937 by Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin in 1936 at the opening ceremony of the Moscow Canal, which connected the Moscow River and the Volga. Since that time, it has become possible to get from the capital by water to the White, Baltic, Black, Caspian and Azov seas.
  4. The first attempt to connect the Moskva River and the Volga with each other was made at the beginning of the 18th century, during the reign of Peter the Great. The project was entrusted to the Dutch engineer Georg Wilhelm de Gennin, whom Peter the Great hired to serve in the Russian during the Grand Embassy of 1697-1698. But, the task turned out to be too difficult, unbearable even for such an active ruler as Peter was. The construction of the canal was postponed for many years.
  5. A surprising fact was noted in 2010, when the summer in Central Russia was abnormally hot. Freshwater jellyfish appeared in the Moscow River, the diameter of which was only a few centimeters. They were accidentally spotted in the water by vacationers. Several jellyfish were caught and taken to the Department of Zoology of Moscow State University. According to scientists, this type of jellyfish is not dangerous to humans, does not cause allergies and burns.
  6. The water in the Moscow River, of course, cannot be called perfectly clean. Moreover, for the first time this issue began to worry the city authorities at the end of the 19th century. The Governor-General of Moscow, Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, even issued a decree prohibiting factories from pouring waste water into the Moscow River. The order of the mayor aroused the discontent of large manufacturers, who not only were in no hurry to carry out this decree, but also with all their might sought its abolition.
  7. The Moscow River has long been famous for its abundance of fish. But, at present, its number has noticeably decreased. For example, in the Moscow River, there are practically no pike, burbot, chub, asp, catfish left. In addition, local fish accumulates harmful toxins in their bodies, therefore, eating them is unsafe for human health.
  8. More than 850 small rivers and streams flow into the Moskva River. The largest of them are the Istra and Ruza rivers. And on the territory of Moscow, the main waterway of the capital receives the waters of 70 tributaries, moreover, a significant part of them were hidden in underground collectors. Usually the Moskva River freezes in late November - early December, and the flood begins at the end of March.
  9. The Moskva River and its tributary Neglinka once defended the Kremlin from enemy attacks. With the expansion of the borders of the Russian state, the Kremlin lost its significance as a fortress, therefore, Neglinka was hidden in underground pipes. And the Moscow River in a dry summer turned almost into a stream, but during heavy rains it could flood a significant part of the city's territory.
  10. To combat floods, the Vodootvodny Canal was built at the end of the 18th century. Balchug Island was formed between the old riverbed and the channel. An interesting observation - on this island the air temperature is always higher than the average in Moscow.
  11. But, even the construction of the canal did not save Moscow from floods, the river continued to give the townspeople a lot of trouble during the flood. For example, in 1908 the water level in the Moscow River rose by nine meters. a fifth of the entire city was flooded, the lower floors of buildings were under water, and people had to flee on the roofs.
  12. The village of Luzhnikovo appeared in the floodplain of the river in the 15th century. In the spring, the Moskva River flooded the local meadows. In 1956, the Lenin Central Stadium, which is now called the Luzhniki Olympic Complex, was built on the site of the former village.