Interesting facts about tomatoes

The name of the tomato comes from Italian. pomo d'oro - golden apple. The Aztecs had the real name - tomatl, the French converted it into fr. tomate (tomato).

Peru is considered the birthplace of tomatoes, or rather, the coastal strip of land between northern Chile and Ecuador, where this crop was grown long before the appearance of Europeans.

For a long time, tomatoes were considered inedible and even poisonous. European gardeners bred them as an exotic ornamental plant. The history of how a bribed chef tried to poison George Washington with a dish of tomatoes entered American textbooks on botany.

In 1822, Colonel Robert Gibbon Johnson publicly ate a bucket of tomatoes on the steps of a courthouse in Salem, New Jersey. A crowd of two thousand gathered for the performance was amazed to find that the retired military man was not at all going to die in terrible agony - and the tomato began to rapidly gain popularity.

The world's largest tomato was grown in Wisconsin, USA. He weighed 2.9 kg.

Tomatoes - the fruit of a tomato - from the point of view of botany - multi-nested paracarp berries. In English, there is no difference between the terms fruit and fruit. In 1893, the US Supreme Court unanimously ruled that tomatoes should be considered vegetables when imposing customs duties (although the court noted that from a botanical point of view, tomatoes are fruits.

There are at least 10, 000 varieties of tomatoes. The smallest tomato is less than 2 centimeters in diameter, and the largest reaches a weight of almost 1.5 kilograms.

Due to the high content of the so-called "happiness hormone" serotonin, tomatoes are able to perfectly cheer you up even on the most dull and cloudy day.

Tomato is one of the most popular vegetables - more than 60 million tons of tomatoes are produced annually in the world.

One glass of tomato juice contains half the daily requirement of vitamin C and provitamin A, which actively support the immune system.

Doctors believe that regular consumption of tomato, tomato juice, tomato paste, ketchup and other tomato sauces can significantly reduce the risk of developing cancer.

For a long time it was believed that the tomato belongs to an aphrodisiac, but this is not true.

Tomak (tomakko) is a plant obtained after grafting a tomato onto a tobacco stock. Grown in 2003 by farmer Rob Baur of Oregon, USA.

But there are only 22 kilocalories per 100 g of tomatoes! So these vegetables do not get fat.

The red varieties contain more nutrients than the yellow ones.

The tomato is a biological relative of potatoes and tobacco - all three plants belong to the nightshade family.

La Tomatina (Spanish.La Tomatina) is an annual holiday that takes place in the last week of August in the Spanish city of Buñol, autonomous community of Valencia. Tens of thousands of participants come from different countries to participate in the battle, in which tomatoes are used as "weapons".