Interesting facts about mushrooms

- There are about 2 million types of mushrooms in the world, but only about 80 thousand are classified. There are approximately 6 types of mushrooms per plant species.

- Quite a few species of fungi are predators (although in their essence, almost all of them are unfriendly and cause the death of many plants and animals). Predatory mushrooms have special devices (growths) for catching insects. And there are species that spraying their spores and falling into a victim grow in it.

- There is not so much poison in fly agarics, in order for its concentration to be fatal, you need to eat about 4 kg. But the pale grebe, yes, one mushroom is very poisonous enough to poison 4 people.

- On average, each mushroom consists of about 90% water (just like a person).

- One of the largest mushrooms found is an object found in the USA in 1985 (Wisconsin), its weight was 140 kg.

- Mushrooms are not plants, as it was considered earlier, since they lack chlorophyll, but at the same time, they are not animals, since they do not have a stomach.

- The largest mushroom lives in the state of Oregon, USA, its area of ​​mycelium is about 900 hectares and it weighs several hundred tons.

- $ 2500 for 1 kg of mushrooms, this is the most expensive variety of mushrooms - truffle.

- One of the most interesting mushrooms is "Plasmodium" because it can walk. The speed is really small, only about a meter in a few days, but still ... But he lives in central Russia, that is, our neighbor.

- The mushroom grows very slowly, about 10-12 centimeters per year.

- Ryzhiks can be eaten raw.

- The very first antibiotic in the world was derived from a fungus (penicillin).

- Perhaps one of the rarest mushrooms is the "devil's cigar" (Chorioactis geaster). You can find it in the central part of Texas (USA), as well as in separate parts of Japan. In addition, it is the only mushroom that makes a sound (whistle) when it releases spores.

- Mushrooms were found in the reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 2002, and they felt great. And even more than that, they needed radiation in order to live (like the sun for plants). Melanin was found in the composition of these mushrooms (an analogue of the one that protects the skin from ultraviolet radiation). In general, mushrooms are very tenacious and the places of their growth can be very extreme (space, sulfuric acid, high pressure).

- According to some properties, mushrooms as products are closer to meat, and for some they are closer to plants.

In general, mushrooms are very interesting and sometimes we do not think about where they can still exist, but they live next to us in the form of yeast, ferments for fermented milk products, mold, and several types of mushrooms live in the human body, although not all of them are safe for health.