The inhabitants of the African continent claim to know 99 uses for the coconut tree. Coconuts are used to make drinks, jam, wine, vinegar; from leaf buds - salad; soap is made from oil, and it is also used for fuel in lamps; ; from fibers - clothes, tablecloths, ropes and paper; from the shell - dishes; from the trunks - furniture; from sawdust - ink ...
Therefore, in the 19th century, Catholic missionaries called the coconut palm the "lazy tree". Indeed, according to the Bible, a person must earn his daily bread in the sweat of his face. Fearing the detrimental effect of unearned way of life on the morality of their flock - the aborigines of the southern islands, the missionaries forced them to cut down these trees.
The palm tree got its name in the 16th century, based on the Spanish word "coco", meaning a grimace or a monkey face. At the base of the nut, there are a few specks, which give the palma fruit the appearance of a grotesquely distressed physiognomy. So and root: nut "koko" - "martyshkin nut".
Coconut is not only rich in nutrients, it is also an excellent building material. Former President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos was convinced of this when he built the coconut palace. Wanting to surprise Pope John Paul II during his visit to the Philippines, Marcos ordered the construction of a luxurious mansion, which cost 37 million pesos ($ 10 million). Seventy percent of this two-story building is constructed from coconut lumber. Various other components of the coconut tree and fruit are also incorporated into decorative and architectural elements. By the way, dad did not like the palace, shaming the president for profligacy, he went to live in a hotel.
Did you know that about 150 people die every year from falling coconuts?
Coconut has over 1300 species. All species are divided into two main groups: those that grow on the Pacific coast and those that grow on the Indian Ocean coast.
The coconut tree cannot live without salt. It is estimated that one palm tree extracts 1.34 kilograms of salt from the soil per year. At the very edge of the ocean, they reach their largest sizes, bear fruit well and live long. And at a distance of several kilometers from the coast, coconut trees grow poorly.
From a botanical point of view, the cocoon palma is not a tree, since it does not have bark, branches, and some other signs. Cocoa palma is a perennial tree plant. And "cocoa nut" is not a nut at all! They are called nuts erroneously, since cocoa is a cocoa, a cocoa fruit, the same as a plum, a pepper or an abrikoc.
In the Philippines, the unopened color of coconut is used to make an alcoholic drink called Lambanog.
Coconut water extracted from uncracked coconut is sterile, and therefore, even before 1976, coconut water was used as a blood plasma substitute.
The coconut tree lives for about 100 years, producing up to 450 nuts annually.
Possessing bactericidal properties, coconut does not rot at any humidity, retaining its firmness and elasticity for decades.
Coconuts are amazing fruits: they can sail for a long time in the sea, and when they reach the coast, they take root and germinate thousands of kilometers from their place of birth. This is why coconut palms are widespread along the tropical coasts.