In Sanskrit it was called "horned root" - this name is more than 5, 000 years old. When ginger became better known, new names were invented for him, sometimes romantic ones: The Root of Life, The Golden Warrior, the Samurai Sword.
The main suppliers of ginger are China and India, by the way, the latter country accounts for up to fifty percent of the total volume of the world market.
According to one theory, Marco Polo brought ginger to Europe. The Europeans liked the medicinal and taste properties of ginger so much that they began to use it as a spice and medicine. In particular, ginger was considered one of the main remedies for the prevention of plague.
It is interesting that it was thanks to ginger that the familiar name "gingerbread" appeared. In Russia, they were very fond of gingerbread cookies brought by merchants from Europe. On its basis, Russian chefs began to make their own, which, because of the spicy taste, was called gingerbread.
In many cultures, ginger is considered an aphrodisiac, that is, a sex drive awakening agent. It is not for nothing that in Japan, on the holiday of "masculinity", it is always served on the table.
According to the method of processing, black and white ginger are isolated. White ginger is processed more thoroughly (it is cleaned of the surface layer). Therefore, white ginger is characterized by a delicate, mild flavor. Black is unprocessed ginger that is simply sun-dried. It has a pungent, tart taste.
The healing properties of ginger have been noted since antiquity. The root of the plant contains vitamins A, B. C, as well as many trace elements, including iron, zinc, potassium and sodium. Ginger improves digestion, accelerates metabolic processes in the body, promotes rapid cleansing of the stomach and intestines. The spice has anti-inflammatory properties and is useful for influenza, pneumonia, arthritis and bronchial asthma. It is enough to drink ginger tea with honey and the cold will be relieved at once.
Ginger is a mild antidepressant. The beneficial effect on the nervous system is due to its high content of the essential amino acid asparagine. Asparagine is necessary to maintain balance in the processes occurring in the central nervous system; prevents both excessive excitement and excessive inhibition.
With daily use of a small dose of ginger (5-7 g), the likelihood of heart attack and stroke decreases. This plant prevents blood clots and makes blood vessels more elastic.
The world famous Muslim scientist Ibn Sina (Avicenna) was one of the first to describe the properties and effects of the ginger root (zanjabil) on the human body.
Pickled ginger - Gari is used as a sushi seasoning.
Ginger is found in Indian curry.
In Southeast Asia, fresh ginger is candied and made into jam; in China, Indochina, Burma and England, orange peel is added to ginger jam - the jam is known as chow-chow.
In England, Australia and the United States, ginger is used to make Ginger Beer, as well as soft drinks such as ginger ale.
4 varieties of ginger flour are produced from ground ginger in India.
This medicinal plant is mentioned in the Quran: "In the garden of the righteous, they will drink a drink mixed with something that tastes like ginger (zanjabil) from a source called Salsabil, due to the fact that its drink is healthy, pleasant and tasty" (surah " Al-Insan ", verses 15-18)".