No one can say for sure where and when the world's first cheese was made. But, it is known for sure that this product was very popular in Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece. It is believed that the production of cheese began as early as the eighth millennium BC, shortly after people tamed wild sheep. But, the ancient Greeks believed that cheese was a gift from the gods. According to Greek legend, the goddess Artemis treated this delicacy to other gods during feasts. And then the cheese recipe became known to people.
11 interesting facts about cheese
- Why did cheese get this name in our country? The fact is that in Russia "cheese curd" was popular, which was obtained by natural curdling of milk. So it was called shortly "cheese". Under Peter the Great, masters of cheese-making from Holland began to be invited to Russia. And industrial production was established not so long ago, in 1866, when N, V, Vereshchagin, after studying in Switzerland, opened a cheese dairy that produced cheese in huge quantities. Production was established in the village of Otrokovichi, Tver province. And Vereshchagin himself, for the sake of cheese making, even left service in the navy.
- During the Renaissance in Europe, scientists and doctors suddenly made a sensational "discovery" - cheese is unhealthy. Moreover, this belief persisted for quite a long time. It was only in the 18th century that the myth about the harmfulness of cheese to the human body was debunked.
- The number of cheese varieties produced worldwide is simply impossible to count. For example, in France there are about 500, in Italy about the same. Once the artist Salvador Dali said that if a country does not produce at least 50 varieties of cheese and the same number of varieties of good wine, it means that the country has come to grips with it.
- Many cheeses have characteristic holes. Scientists have found out the reasons for this phenomenon - holes are formed due to carbon dioxide, which accumulate in the microvoids of the product. The size of the holes also depends on the chemical composition of the gas, for example, in the Swiss cheese "Emmental" their diameter can reach two centimeters.
Greece is the world leader in per capita cheese consumption. On average, each inhabitant of this country consumes about 27 kilograms of cheese per year. France is slightly inferior - 24 kilograms. But the average American eats half as much cheese in a year as a Greek.
- The famous Italian Parmesan is called the "King of Cheese". Its ripening period reaches several years. To prepare a classic "Parmesan", you must strictly follow a number of requirements. For example, cows from whose milk cheese is made should not eat anything other than natural grass and hay. Any feed additives are prohibited. Many banks in Italy are willing to give loans to farmers on the security of this elite cheese.
- In the north of Sweden, a unique cheese is made from moose milk. The animals are kept on a special farm. Considering that the daily milk yield from one moose cow does not exceed two liters, cheese is produced in limited quantities. The cost of one kilogram reaches $ 1, 000, the main customers are elite restaurants.
- Cheese maker from France Andre Simon is the author of the grandiose literary treatise "On the Cheese Business". Simon spent 17 years on compiling the treatise, describing in detail the technology for preparing 839 varieties of cheese.
- Sausage cheese was very popular in the Soviet Union. But, it was invented not in our country, but in Scotland. In this way, Scottish technologists managed to "revive" spoiled cheese. Oil and soda were added to it, heating this mixture in a water bath. The taste, of course, was far from ideal, but such cheese could be eaten without fear of poisoning.
- This unusual cheese is produced by the British company "Long Clawson Dairy". It is the most expensive in the UK. And the thing is that this cheese contains golden flakes. Even a small piece costs a decent amount. At the same time, the manufacturers themselves claim that they do not suffer from the lack of customers. There is a whole line for him from among the richest people in the world, therefore, finding such cheese on the free market is a whole problem.
- Epoisse French cheese has such a pungent odor that it is forbidden to be transported on public transport. Nevertheless, the Emperor of France Napoleon Bonaparte was very fond of him. The center of production of this variety is the town of Epuas in Burgundy, hence the name of the cheese. By the middle of the twentieth century, the production of "Epuas" cheese almost completely ceased. To save him, in 1968, the “Epuan Defense Trade Union” was organized. The production of cheese requires compliance with many rules, moreover, it is allowed to make it only in some communes of France.
- The largest head of cheese in the world was made at the Altai Butter Cheese Plant in 2007. The weight of the giant cheese was 721 kilograms. In Altai, the longest cheese braid was also made - 16 meters, 61 centimeters.