How the Philosopher's Stone was invented

Once upon a time there was a Hamburg merchant named Brand. His business was rather sluggish. Therefore, he dreamed of getting rich through alchemy. In the XVII it was fashionable, only the lazy did not try to turn lead into gold, and Brand, like every alchemist, dreamed of finding a philosopher's stone to turn any metals into gold.

Like any alchemist, Brand built his own theory. The ambitious scientist decided that since the human body is the most perfect of the living creations of our Lord, then this body must contain a small amount of the philosopher's stone. And all this means, the alchemist concluded, that the Philosopher's Stone can be obtained from the most ordinary human urine.

The very first problem that confronted Brand was raw materials. Where to get human urine? Pee in the retort? No, this is not our scale.

Brand went to the commander of the city garrison, who agreed to provide him with chemicals for a couple of coins, placing large vessels for collecting urine in the soldier's latrine. Brand began to distill urine, add sand and coals to the dry residue, heat it all up without air access, distill and sublimate the resulting components. The substances that were part of the urine disintegrated, new compounds, in turn, entered into new reactions and, finally, one fine day, Brand found a long-awaited magical substance at the bottom of the retort.

Yes, exactly so - at the bottom of the retorn there was a philosopher's stone! That it was a magisterium, and not a piece of persimmon, was immediately clear, for this the knowledge of an alchemist was not needed - the philosopher's stone in the new substance would have been recognized by any village buffoon. Still - a wax-like pale yellow substance that emitted a faint garlic smell emitted a magical greenish glow in the dark. Any object that touched it also began to glow. When Brand threw a lump of substance into boiling water, he saw a completely mesmerizing sight - magically glowing green clouds floated over the boiling water.

But there were, however, the philosopher's stone and its shortcomings. For example, he could not transform any metals into gold, or even silver. However, he did not turn anything into anything at all. However, Brand was not very upset about this. The substance itself was much more expensive than gold, it was shown for a lot of money even after several decades. And Brand called the substance rather modestly, without pathos - "luminiferous." In Greek it sounds something like "phosphorus".

So the wrong theory enriched the loser-merchant and allowed science to enter a new chemical element into the table of the unborn Mendeleev.