Perhaps no other letter of the Russian alphabet has such a complex and interesting history as the letter "e". Suffice it to say that the question of its introduction into the Russian alphabet was discussed already at a meeting of the Academy of Russian Literature.
This happened on November 29, 1783. The director of the academy, princess Ekaterina Romanovna Dashkova, made a proposal to replace the two-letter sound “io” with the letter “e”. And designate the letter itself in the form of "e", but with two dots on top. The commission found this proposal reasonable, and Dashkova's idea was approved.
A few years later, in 1797, the famous Russian historian and writer Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin first used the letter "e" in a printed edition. By the way, it was this fact that gave grounds for mistakenly considering Karamzin as the author of the new letter. Even the Great Soviet Encyclopedia did not avoid such a mistake.
It is interesting that in the first years of Soviet power, the letter "e" was treated in a peculiar way: in December 1917, a decree was issued by A.V. Lunacharsky, who held the post of People's Commissar of Education. In this decree, the use of the letter "ё" was recognized as "desirable, but not obligatory" Only 25 years later, in December 1942, the letter was recognized as obligatory. A little time passed, and in 1956, by the decision of NS Khrushchev, the spelling of the Russian language was simplified, and the most distressing letter of the Russian alphabet again became optional.
In Russian, the letter "ё" is found in more than 12, 000 words, in 2, 500 surnames, in thousands of geographical names. About 150 words start with this letter. The famous writer A. I. Solzhenitsyn never replaced the letter "e" with "e" in his works. The editor-in-chief of Literaturnaya Gazeta, Yuri Polyakov, adheres to the same rule.
Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy once quarreled with the employees of the printing house, who distorted the name of the hero of the novel "Anna Karenina" - from Levin he turned into Levin.
But the famous chess player, world champion Alexander Alekhin was always indignant if his name was written - Alekhin. The fact is that "yokan" was a sign of common speech, and the chess player had aristocratic roots.
According to the decision of the Supreme Court of Russia in 2009, if the letter "e" is written in one document, and the letter "e" in the other, then both documents are recognized as valid.
The letter "ё" even has its own birthday, which is celebrated on November 29, the very day when the Russian alphabet was replenished with a new letter.
In the city of Ulyanovsk, the attitude to the letter "ё" is special. After all, Karamzin, the first to use this letter in the book, was a native of the Simbirsk province. True, there was an assumption that the writer Ivan Dmitriev had done it even earlier. But, to the delight of the Ulyanovskites, Dmitriev also turned out to be their fellow countryman. In 2005, on the famous Ulyanovsk boulevard "Venets", a monument to the letter "e" was unveiled. The monument looks solid - the height of the monument is about 2 meters, and its weight is 3 tons