The people call Thomas an unbeliever a person who casts doubt on even the most reliable and certain things known to others. Is this usage correct? What did the apostle Thomas really not believe and what did the apostle Thomas believe in?
The Holy Apostle Thomas was a native of the Galilee city of Pansada and was engaged in fishing. Once hearing the preaching of Jesus Christ, Thomas left everything and followed Him, becoming one of the twelve disciples of the Savior.
After His resurrection, Christ appeared to ten apostles - among them the traitor Judas and Thomas were lacking. According to the testimony of Holy Scripture, Thomas did not believe the stories of other disciples about the Resurrection. “If I don’t see the nail wounds on His hands and I don’t touch them, I won’t believe it, ” he said. On the eighth day after the Resurrection, the Lord appeared to the Apostle Thomas and showed his wounds. "My Lord and my God!" - exclaimed the holy apostle.
"Thomas, who was once weaker than the other apostles in faith, " writes St. John Chrysostom, "became by the goodness of God more courageous, more zealous and tireless than all of them, so that he went around with his preaching almost the whole earth, not being afraid to proclaim the Word of God to the wild nations."
Indeed, when the apostles cast lots to whom to which country to go to preach, Thomas was "unlucky" most of all. He got India, far from Palestine both geographically and culturally. For a long time the Apostle did not dare to go there with the preaching of the Risen Christ, until the Savior appeared to him in a dream, promising his all-powerful help.
According to legend, the holy Apostle Thomas founded Christian Churches in Palestine, Mesopotamia, Parthia, Ethiopia, and India. The once unbelieving Thomas ended his life as a martyr in 68. For the conversion of the son and wife of the ruler of the Indian city of Melipur to Christ, the holy apostle was imprisoned, endured torture, and finally, pierced with five spears, departed to the Lord and was buried in the same city.