In Russia, in the early years of Soviet power, Subbotniks, as a product of the revolutionary enthusiasm of the masses, were really voluntary, and they were mainly attended by communists (Komsomol members) and the so-called “sympathizers”. But later, however, with a decrease in the enthusiasm of the population, Subbotniks (usually timed to coincide with holidays) became a familiar, characteristic feature of the socialist way of life.
Subbotniks were viewed as one of the means of communist education of the masses. In the Komsomol and party organizations, participation in subbotniks became a measure of a person's social activity, and measures of public censure or even administrative pressure could be applied to the few who evaded.
So Wikipedia writes - well, God is the judge of the author of these lines. I must admit earlier, as a student-student, I myself hated attending such events, apparently due to the unformed development of the intellect. But now I take part in subbotniks with pleasure, helping to cultivate and clean up my city.
And so interesting facts about subbotniks:
Before the advent of Soviet power, the word “subbotnik” had a different meaning. This is how the gymnasium students called the collective flogging, which was arranged by their superiors for misdemeanors committed during the school week.
Subbotniki arose in the spring of 1919, during the Civil War and military intervention, in response to Lenin's call to improve the work of the railways. The workers responded and, according to the preserved document, 15 people took part in the first communist subbotnik.
The frequency of subbotniks was variable. Sometimes subbotniks could be held every week, sometimes - only a few times a year. All-Union Lenin Communist Subbotniks, timed to coincide with Lenin's birthday (April 22), were held annually.
Such a concept as a subbotnik exists not only in the countries of the post-Soviet space, but also abroad. In Norway, there is the concept of dugnad, which means voluntary free work on landscaping or general assistance in a particular matter. And in many other countries, people come together to carry out public works for the benefit of their homeland.