The Gauss electromagnetic cannon is known to all fans of computer games and science fiction. It was named after the German physicist Karl Gauss, who studied the principles of electromagnetism. But is this deadly fantastic weapon really so far from reality? Let's figure it out.
To explain it on the fingers, a Gauss cannon consists of a coil with a barrel inside, and a metal projectile is placed inside it. When an electric current flows in the solenoid, a magnetic field arises, which accelerates the projectile, pushing it out of the barrel.
At first glance, the Gauss cannon has clear advantages over other small arms. It has quiet firing, low wear and low recoil. However, despite its apparent simplicity, its use as a weapon is fraught with serious difficulties.
- Low efficiency of about 27%. Therefore, the Gauss cannon loses even to pneumatics in terms of the power of the shot.
- High recharge time between shots, i.e. low rate of fire.
- Fear of moisture, as it will shock the shooter if it gets wet.
- But the main problem is the cannon's powerful power supplies, which are bulky at the moment, which affects mobility.
Thus, today the Gauss cannon has no particular prospects as a weapon, since it is significantly inferior to other types of small arms. Prospects may appear in the future when compact and powerful sources of electric current are created.
But it is quite possible to make and play with such a gun at home, although you should not expect much. A lot of diagrams and guides for assembling a Gaus cannon are posted on the Internet.