It is also known from the school history curriculum that the storming of the Winter Palace began on the evening of October 25 (November 7, new style) after a shot from the cruiser Aurora. At the same time, the shot was blank and played a more psychological role: it gave confidence to those who stormed the Winter Palace.
The shot was fired by gunman Evdokim Ognev, who had served on the Aurora since 1911. In 1918, Ognev died in a battle with the White Cossacks near Rostov, where he was buried in a mass grave. In 1970, one of the streets of Leningrad was named after Evdokim Ognev.
Until now, there is no reliable data on the number of people killed during the assault. It is only known for certain that among the victims were six soldiers and a female death squad drummer.
Late at night, one of the leaders of the revolutionary committee, Vladimir Aleksandrovich Antonov-Ovsienko, announced to the members of the Provisional Government, sitting in the Winter Palace, that they had been arrested. True, Antonov-Ovsienko himself also ended his life tragically: on February 10, 1938, he was shot on charges of belonging to a Trotskyist terrorist organization.
In our history of the period of the October Revolution, there are many “white spots” that more than one generation of specialists will have to work on. Take this fact: what happened to the royal throne? The tsar himself, by the way, at that time had long been overthrown. Doctor of Art History A.M. Mirek, who collected a huge amount of material about that period, wrote that the royal throne, which was in the Winter Palace, was smashed into small pieces in a matter of minutes. But the chief researcher of the Hermitage BV Sapunov assures of the completely opposite: in his opinion, this simply could not be, since the throne at that time was kept in the basements of the Moscow Kremlin.
By the way, the storming of the Winter Palace in October 1917 was not the only one. It was stormed twice more, however, this time in the interests of art. In 1927 the film "October" was shot, and in 1937 - "Lenin in October". For these pictures, repeated "captures" were arranged.
Speaking about the events of October 1917, one cannot ignore the following fact: did the head of the Provisional Government AF Kerensky fled from the Winter Palace in a woman's dress? During the Soviet era, this episode was the occasion for many cartoons and anecdotes. But there is no reliable confirmation of this. Kerensky himself stated that he left the Winter Palace in his usual clothes, in the car of the American Embassy. The soldiers of the Petrograd garrison recognized him and even, allegedly, gave him a military salute.
Throughout his later life, Kerensky tried to refute such an unpleasant fact from his biography. In 1966, during a meeting with the Soviet journalist G. Borovik, he emotionally argued: "Well, I did not run from the Winter Palace in a woman's dress!"