At the turn of the eighties and nineties of the last century, a stream of films about the legendary Japanese warriors - ninja literally flooded the screens of our video salons. But, cinema is cinema, therefore, let's try to figure out - what was true in these films, and what was just a fiction of filmmakers?
In Europe and the United States, books and films about ninja became very popular in the twentieth century. At the same time, the authors of these works were amateurs, whose main task was not to collect reliable information, but to "cash".
Film critics have a comic "ninjutsu conservation law", according to which one ninja is an almost mortal danger for the protagonist, while ten simultaneously attacking ninjas will be defeated almost without problems.
According to the films, the indispensable weapon of the ninja was shurikens - throwing stars. But, they served only as an additional weapon, with which it was possible to hit those parts of the body that were not protected by armor. Shurikens were used by all the warriors of medieval Japan, but thanks to the cinema, for some reason they became the "calling card" of the ninja.
You shouldn't think that ninjas have used the same weapon for centuries that has been passed down from generation to generation. They followed the weapon "fashion", willingly including new models in their arsenal.
In any Hollywood movie, a ninja will certainly kill a dozen or two of his enemies. In fact, the ninja had several other tasks: to penetrate into the rear of the enemy, to collect the necessary information, remaining, if possible, unnoticed. The "night warriors" went to murder only if there was no other way out.
In the XV-XVI centuries. Japan was engulfed in internecine wars, therefore, many feudal lords willingly used the services of ninja in the fight against their competitors. After the unification of the country, the golden time for the ninja was over.
A black suit, contrary to popular belief, was not required at all. Researchers still disagree on how the ninja dressed? Most are inclined to believe that the main thing for a warrior is to be invisible. In some guides, it is recommended to wear blue clothes in the crowd, white clothes on a full moon, and black clothes on a moonless night.
In films, ninjas can literally "dissolve" in thin air. This once again confirms the fact that the main thing for a ninja is not to kill the enemy, but to hide unnoticed. To do this, they used smoke bombs, and sometimes they acted easier - they threw sand in the eyes of the enemy.
In addition, the ninja were well versed in chemistry and were experts in the preparation of poisons. Moreover, these poisons were of three types: killing instantly, slowly or after a certain time.
The most famous ninja museum is located in the Japanese city of Iga. In the small, restored castle, you can see a lot of interesting things: samples of ninja clothes, weapons, as well as a huge collection of films and printed materials dedicated to the ninja.
Fans of oriental martial arts can visit the Ninja restaurant in New York. The setting here is reminiscent of a medieval Japanese village. And visitors are led to the table through a winding underground labyrinth. Waiters serve customers in ninja costumes, in full combat gear.
All the above facts in no way claim to be one hundred percent reliable. After all, even one of the most famous scholars of ninja history, Stephen Turnbull from England, recently stated that many of his books on this topic were erroneous. Now the respected professor has decided to work more painstakingly in order to find out the truth about the ninja.