Interesting facts "Military affairs" Interesting facts about fencing
- In ancient times, fencing was considered a noble occupation, an indispensable element of the upbringing of every man of noble birth. At the same time, common people were strictly prohibited from fencing.
- At the end of the 18th century, a young French master of fencing Alexander Valville arrived in St. Petersburg, who a few years later received the position of a teacher of this discipline at the Imperial Lyceum of Tsarskoye Selo. Among his pupils was Alexander Pushkin. According to the memoirs of contemporaries, the great poet was a skillful swordsman.
- Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov, as you know, was not of noble origin. But, in 1736, a talented student was sent to study in German Marburg. There, among other sciences, Lomonosov became interested in fencing. Moreover, it was so successful that it quickly won the respect of other students. Mikhail Vasilyevich was always distinguished by great physical strength, once he even beat up three robbers who were trying to take his wallet from him.
- The popularity of fencing is evidenced by the fact that this sport was included in the program of the very first Olympic Games of our time, which were held in 1896. More than 100 years have passed since that time, but fencers' competitions are invariably held at all Olympiads. It is interesting that in fencing, unlike most combat sports, there is no division into weight categories: the main thing here is not mass, but speed and excellent reaction.
- Modern fencers go to a duel only in light uniform, now, it is rather a tribute to tradition than a necessity. Before the advent of electronics that recorded the injection, a piece of cloth was attached to the tip of the weapon, which was impregnated with ink. On light-colored clothing, the injection mark was seen much better.
- The swordsman's face is protected by a metal mesh mask. Attempts to replace it with some more modern material were unsuccessful. For example, the impact-resistant glass masks were fogged up, which limited the athlete's visibility. And in fencing, this is not permissible, the slightest restriction of visibility leads to a missed thrust. In addition, expensive masks had to be constantly changed, as scratches from impacts appeared on the glass.
- Despite the fact that modern fencers are well protected, tragedies do happen during the competition. For example, at the 1982 World Championships, the Soviet foil fencer Vladimir Smirnov was fatally injured. During the fight, his rival, German Matthias Beer, broke a blade with a protective tip. A fragment of a rapier pierced the mask and inflicted a severe head injury on Vladimir Smirnov, from which he died a few later in intensive care.
- Considering the merits of France in the development of sports fencing, French is recognized as the official language in this sport. During the competition, the referees give commands in this language. And fencing is one of the three most intelligent sports, along with chess and martial arts. French writer Alexandre Dumas is considered one of the most influential experts in the field of fencing and dueling. No wonder, one of the most famous works of Dumas is "The Fencing Teacher".