Gold or platinum is the first thing that comes to mind when we hear the question: "The most expensive element on earth?" Let's expand our horizons with a list of the ten most expensive elements of planet Earth: (Prices in dollars for grams element)
- Plutonium - $ 4, 000
Most people use this radioactive metal every second, but they don't think about it. Plutonium is obtained from uranium ore and is used for such purposes as: the production of nuclear weapons, as a source of energy for spacecraft and (most importantly) as a source of fuel for nuclear reactors (from this, electricity is our everything!)
- Soliris - $ 17, 000
Soliris is the most expensive medicine ever sold. And no, unfortunately, it cures cancer. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (the blood cells of the human body are destroyed during sleep) is a rare immune disease from which the top 2 expensive elements - Soliris - can save.
- Tritium - $ 30, 000
Tritium is used more often for commercial purposes (covering the hands of watches, key rings, etc.). However, this radioactive superheavy hydrogen has also found applications in medicine, chemistry, biology, geophysics, and other fields. In general, expensive tritium serves well for the benefit of humanity.
- LSD - about $ 30, 000
A potent psychotropic drug with a scientific name - lysergic acid diethylamide. The main users of the experimental drug were the so-called "hippie" subculture, as well as (unofficially) intelligence agencies of different countries. LSD could also be bought in Russia until it was added to the list of banned substances in the 90s.
- Diamond - about $ 42, 000
The hardest substance on the planet is certainly expensive, but the price is always different. It all depends on the size, cut, color and type. Diamonds are mainly used in the commercial industry (jewelry), and due to their physical properties they are also used in mechanical engineering and engineering.
- California - $ 60, 000
This is the third radioactive isotope on the list. Californium was obtained artificially (from cheaper plutonium) at the University of California in 1950 (hence the name). It is used for human-friendly purposes - radiation therapy of tumors. And also in experimental research on nuclear fission.
- Americium - $ 140, 000
Americium is also obtained from plutonium, and is also in service with human benefits. Used to remove electrostatic charges from plumbing films, papers and plastics. It is part of some smoke detectors, naturally in negligible quantities. The half-life is impressive - 8, 000 years.
- Regolith (Lunar soil) - 442, 500 dollars (for 0.6 g)
Regolith - is the composition of the soil of all atmospheric planets and satellites. This Lunar soil arrives on our planet from the Moon, due to its relative proximity. The Regolith contains ilmenite, anorthite, olivine and pyroxene - these elements are present on earth. But it was for three stones with a total weight of 0.6 grams brought from the moon in 1993 at the Sotheby's auction that $ 442, 500 was given. All the same, they dug out from space, and not outside the garden.
- Graphene - $ 100 million (per sq. Cm)
Graphene was invented by Konstantin Novoselov together with Andrey Geim, for which they became Nobel laureates in 2010. Nobody has yet learned to widely use Graphene (only five years have passed since its discovery), but I consider its potential to be truly limitless, from replacing carbon fibers with composite materials and ending with the creation of a new high-speed DNA sequencing technique. Graphene is an ultrafine substance and its weight is difficult to measure, its price is indicated per square centimeter.
10. Antimatter - $ 62 trillion
Antimatter is produced by the collision of matter and antimatter, which usually leads to the release of energy and the formation of gamma-fatonof (i.e. explosion). Yes, antimatter has not yet been obtained, and the approximate astronomical figure of its cost is no longer hidden. But what about? When (or if) scientists stabilize antimatter for humanity the Big Bang and the mystery of the emergence of everything and everything ceases to be a mystery - so isn't it worth 62 trillion dollars?