The chief nutritionist of the Soviet Union was Manuil Isaakovich Pevzner, who headed the Institute of Nutrition in Moscow. It is he who owns the phrase that the food of a Soviet person should be "healthy and calm." He developed 15 dietary tables, which are still used by dietitians today. Pevzner was an ardent opponent of all seasonings and spices, considering it bourgeois excesses.
Soviet ice cream tasted excellent thanks to GOST. It was approved in March 1941 and had strict requirements for manufacturers: no artificial additives, only natural ingredients. No wonder this product was popular not only in our country, but also abroad. About 2, 000 tons of ice cream were exported from the Soviet Union annually.
Milk-based drinks in glass bottles were distinguished not by labels, which were not on the bottles, but by the color of the lids made from food foil. Regular milk was corked with silver lids, baked milk - dark yellow. Bottles with fermented baked milk had pink lids, and those with kefir had green lids. An empty bottle of dairy products could be handed over to a glass container collection point and received 15 kopecks for it.
Getting natural coffee in the Soviet Union was not easy. But, the domestic industry has established the production of coffee drinks, the most famous of which was called "Our Brand". Its composition was as follows: 35% natural ground coffee, as well as 30% chicory, 25% ground acorns and 10% chestnuts. Let its taste only vaguely resemble coffee, but no
In the mid-twenties of the last century, the Kerch Fish Factory established mass production of canned food "Sprat in Tomato". This product was never in short supply in the USSR, therefore, it was almost an obligatory attribute of every Soviet refrigerator. They say that these canned food was personally tasted by Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev, who called them "the best national product."
Many Russians in the 21st century even have a poor idea of what birch sap is. But in the Soviet Union, it was mined on an industrial scale, then canned and sold in three-liter cans. You could buy it in bulk in grocery stores, a glass cost 8 kopecks. With the collapse of the USSR, mass production ceased, now it is easier to buy juice made from tropical fruits than birch juice.
They say that "Korean carrots" also appeared in the USSR. In Korea, it is customary to marinate meat or fish with the addition of radishes and vinegar. But, Soviet Koreans living in Primorye or Central Asia replaced radishes with carrots, which were easier to get in the USSR. And if it was not possible to buy meat or fish, then one carrot was pickled. Gradually, this dish became popular throughout the USSR, although many were sure that it appeared in Korea.
“Bird's Milk” sweets were first produced in Poland in 1936. And in the sixties, their production was established in the Soviet Union. But, a cake with the same name is a purely Soviet invention. The author of this culinary masterpiece is Vladimir Guralnik, confectioner of the Moscow restaurant "Prague". By the way, it was this type of cake that was patented for the first time in the Soviet Union. In 1982, an inventor's certificate was issued for it under the number 925285