The term "Zombie" in Bantu languages means "soul of the dead" and is strongly associated with the cult of voodoo - the magical practice of the inhabitants of the Caribbean. According to beliefs, voodoo sorcerers are able to resurrect dead people and turn them into slavery.
One of the officially recorded cases of human zombification is the story of Clairvius Narcissus. In April 1962, Clairvius had a scandal with his brother and a little later ended up with a terrible temperature in the hospital, where he dies. The next day he is publicly buried near his hometown and ... 16 years later he returns home. The man said that all this time he was in slavery to the sorcerer and remembers little. The death of the latter allowed him to come to his senses. As it turned out later, Clairvius was "ordered" by the sorcerer's brother.
In the United States, an official regulation has been developed for dealing with a zombie apocalypse. The CONOP 8888 plan provides step-by-step instructions for the actions of the US Strategic Command to protect civilians and civilian authorities from zombies, eliminate the zombie threat and completely destroy the living dead.
The first literary work about zombies with some stretch can be called the novel by the English writer Mary Shelley "Frankenstein", published in 1818. There, too, a character sewn from dead bodies was dead, but alive.
By the way, at the time of the discovery of electricity, some scientists tried to revive the Metvets. So a certain Giovanni Aldini (prototype of Victor Frankenstein) experimented with corpses, passing an electric current through them. On January 18, 1803, his most outstanding demonstration with a purchased corpse took place in London. He connected the poles of a 120-volt battery to the body of executed assassin George Forster.
Here is what one of the eyewitnesses wrote later: “Heavy convulsive breathing was restored; the eyes opened again, the lips moved and the killer's face, no longer obeying any controlling instinct, began to make such strange grimaces that one of the assistants fainted from horror and suffered a real mental breakdown for several days.
The first mention of the word "zombie" in European literature dates back to 1929. It was then that the famous New York Times reporter William Seabrook published the book "The Island of Magic", in which he described the life of Haiti, including the rites of the Voodoo cult to create zombies. The author claimed to have personally attended the rituals.
Zombies first appeared on movie screens in 1932 in the American horror film White Zombie.
In 1968, the "father" of zombie films, George Romero, directed his first feature film, Night of the Living Dead, which revolutionized the horror genre. Despite the black and white format of the film, critics were so struck by the abundance of scenes of violence and cannibalism that they tried to organize a ban on this "horror".
The most expensive and grossing zombie movie is World War Z. $ 190 million was spent on his shooting, at the box office the film grossed $ 540 007 870.
By the way, there is a real guide to survival in the event of a "zombie virus" outbreak, written by the American writer Max Brooks in 2003.
Zombies actually exist. Several parasites in the animal kingdom can control the bodies of their hosts. So, for example, the fungus cordyceps, parasitizing on ants, can control their behavior. An ant infected with a fungal spore leaves the colony, climbs to a height of about 30 cm and fixes itself on a leaf, after which it slowly dies. After that, the fungus grows through the entire body of the ant, using the body as an incubator, and the chitinous shell for protection.
Scientists argue that the world may well be struck by an epidemic of a zombie virus, which appeared as a result of a mutation of a simple flu, for example, with the rabies virus, which causes a tendency to cannibalism. The infected, of course, will not be immortal dead, but they will be able to bite and infect others.
Interest in the topic of zombies among young people gave rise to the Zombie walk, which is a massive entertainment procession, the participants of which are disguised as zombies. The first "zombie parade" took place in Sacramento, California on August 19, 2001.