There are approximately 300 species of pigeons. These birds live in all parts of the world except in extremely cold regions, but most species live in tropical climates.
Doves have a plump body; small head; and short, strong legs. Their feathers are stiffer and smoother than most other birds. The structure of the pigeon's feathers can smooth the flow of air around the bird's body during flight. Some pigeon species have specially shaped feathers that can help them fly at slower speeds. Other species have feathers that make specific sounds during flight. Interestingly, Pigeons communicate with each other through these sounds.
Most pigeon species measure between 15 and 38 centimeters in length.
Most pigeons have dull colored feathers, usually black, blue, brown, or gray. Males and females of most species are similar, but males are slightly larger and more intelligent. Some species, such as the Asiatic fruit pigeon and the sensitive pigeon, rank among the most beautiful birds in the world. These birds have bright marks on the front of their bodies. A pigeon can use its markings to attract a mate or threaten other pigeons of the same species that approach its nest or territory.
Interesting fact, pigeons drink in an unusual way. Pigeons stick their beak in water and suck liquid through it as if it were straw.
During World War I, a pigeon named Cher Amy (Dear Friend) saved the lives of many French soldiers by carrying a message through enemy lines.
An interesting fact, pigeons can reach speeds of up to 70 km per hour and can fly up to 900 kilometers per day.
An adult pigeon has approximately 10, 000 feathers.
Pigeons have been domesticated since time immemorial and have been used to deliver messages over long distances. In fact, famous leaders of the past like Julius Caesar, Genghis Khan, etc. used pigeons to receive important messages over long distances.