Interesting facts about hamadryas

Hamadrilas are not at all a curse, but just a genus of baboons living in Africa. This is a rather large monkey, reaching up to one meter in length (old males), with 20-25 cm on the tail; females are half the size. The general color of the hair covering the body of hamadryl is gray (the color of dry grass); males have long, originally arranged hairs on the head, shoulders and chest that form something like a mane. The sciatic calluses are red, the bare skin of the face is dirty-bodily. Females are darker colored than males, and the hair of the mane is shorter; young ones look like females.

Hamadrils live in large herds of 100-150 heads, in the mountains, rising to considerable heights; the proximity of water is a necessary condition for their habitat. Each herd contains 10-15 large old males. Each herd roams from place to place in a specific area. They always keep on the ground, climbing the steepest cliffs and rocks with great skill; climb trees only in exceptional cases. They feed on plant roots and small animals (snails, worms and insects), to find which stones are turned over. On occasion, they attack plantations.

Often in a family there are 1-4 females and cubs per male. Baboons of this species have the most developed system of acoustic and mimic signals in the entire family. For them, at least 20 sound signals, a dozen mimic and as many demonstrative poses were noted.

Pregnancy is about 170 days. Life expectancy is 20-30 years. They adapt to life in captivity, often kept in zoos. The number of this species in nature began to decline, and now it is listed in the Red Book, as in need of protection. The natural enemy of hamadryas is the leopard.

Alarmed by the appearance of people or a dog or other enemies, the herd raises a deafening cry and howl. Having climbed the rocks, they roll down stones to protect them.

For people not armed with guns, old males of hamadryas, due to their strength, strong teeth, courage and solidarity, can be very dangerous.

The ancient Egyptians considered them to be the embodiment of the god Babi and revered them as sacred animals, and the god Hapi (the son of Horus) was often depicted with the head of this primate. Currently, there are no wild hamadryas anywhere in Egypt.

Young hamadryas in captivity become very tame and show great intelligence; but towards old age, especially males, become extremely wild and angry.