Historians claim that people were able to tame horses as early as the 4th millennium BC. The use of animals for heavy work led to the fact that the hooves began to injure, especially with the advent of paved roads. But, at that time, people did not even know how to process iron, therefore, they had to protect their hooves with covers made of bast or leather. However, these devices did not greatly alleviate the suffering of the horses.
The first metal horseshoes appeared only in the 1st millennium BC. Gradually, almost all horses began to receive this kind of hoof protection. And in 1715, Tsar Peter the First issued a decree, according to which all over Russia it was necessary to look for "good" blacksmiths capable of teaching others in forging. In 1732, in the village of Khoroshevo near Moscow, a special horse-riding school was opened.
The horseshoe extension was one of the favorite tricks of the old school athletes. For example, Alexander Zass was very fond of working with such an unusual "sports" equipment. Once it saved Alexander's life. During the First World War, the athlete was drafted into the Russian army and taken prisoner. He managed to break the chain that held the handcuffs, then break the bars with his hands and break free.
The best material for making a standard horseshoe is mild low carbon steel. True, there are legends that in Ancient Egypt the horses of the pharaohs were shod with golden horseshoes. Maybe this is where the omen originates, according to which a horseshoe found will bring happiness? After all, the weight of the horseshoe is not less than 200 grams. Isn't it happiness to find 200 grams of gold on the road? But for racehorses, even these grams seem large. Super lightweight aluminum horseshoes are made for them.
For many centuries there has been a tradition of hanging a horseshoe on the door. Such a horseshoe brings good luck and keeps the house from evil forces. It is believed that the most powerful power is a horseshoe found on the road. At the same time, the horseshoe must be "well-groomed", that is, for a long time to be on the horse's hoof. In this case, it acquires a certain positive energy.
You can hang a horseshoe both upside down and down. In the first case, the horseshoe will fill the house with prosperity, and in the second, it will protect against harmful external influences. The horseshoe is valid for 100 years. After this period, the horseshoe needs to be replaced, moreover, with the same "worn" one.
Even the famous physicist Niels Bohr nailed a horseshoe on the door of his house. Once, one of the guests with a smile remarked: "Do you, scientist, believe in omens?" Niels Bohr reasonably remarked: “Of course I don’t believe it! But horseshoes help even those who don't believe in them. "
The horseshoe image is often used in heraldry. For example, it can be seen on the coats of arms of cities such as Nalchik or Rtischevo (Saratov region).
Meticulous statisticians estimate that there are no less than 5, 000 varieties of horseshoes around the world.