Why are big animals, such as horses, so easily break the limbs? And why such damage, incredibly painful and unpleasant, but quite easily curable for a person, is the death sentence for a horse?
Anatomy - one of the most important factors
Even the most dense bones in strong animal limbs are sometimes breaking under heavy loads. In some cases, the bone is not just breaking, but is crushed, and it is not easy to restore the fragmented bone.
The fact that horses have very little soft tissues at the bottom of the legs, i.e. The main zone exposed to such injury, further worsens the situation.
This means that open fractures are more likely, damaging skin and adversely affecting blood inflow to the limb.
Next Factor - Weight
Broken bone means not only severe pain; For a horse, this is a real catastrophe. Of course, the bone can be restored and immobilized, but the weight can create an excessive load on the damaged limb throughout those long weeks while it is restored. This is another problem.
To give the bones to recover, you need to distribute half-bottom, and this is the average weight of the horse, for the three remaining legs.
Horse hoofs "are attached" to the limbs with the help of special tissues known as connecting plate tissues, and the plates may not cope with additional weight. It almost always leads to extremely painful inflammation of the plate, Laminit.
Laminit also affects the influx of blood to the limb, while practically not allowing the body to recover.
Immobilization of the limb
Immobilization (creation of immobility in the damaged part of the body) of the animal limb may seem the only logical solution, but this may lead to many problems. Permanent lying position prevents the natural process in the body of a horse, thanks to which the lungs are cleaned of fluid, and can cause pneumonia.
In the past, the veterinarians tried to immobilize the broken limb of a horse, raising it with a special path, but now it is completely unacceptable. The sling that creates an excess load and cut into the skin can lead to severe wounds and even bring harm to internal organs.
Attempts to "replace" the damaged limb may not be quite successful, because and here the weight of the horse represents the problem. It must be evenly distributed in four limbs as far as possible to avoid the risk of developing laminitis. But the weight of an amputated limb, "displaced" into the prosthesis, can also provide pressure on the wound. And you need to take into account the fact that it is not always possible to make a suitable prosthetic.
Solving the problem
To reduce the suffering of an animal, at races and other similar activities, a group of veterinarians must be present, which if necessary, can quickly and correctly give a clinical appraisal.
In many cases, injury requires a more accurate diagnosis, for example, using computed tomography used in order to accurately determine how the bone was damaged.
Perhaps in the future scientists will be able to create special horsepower implants and take new measures to reduce the risk of injury. But so far, the owners of animals often make a decision to complete the torment of their pet, rather than try to restore the damaged limb that in most cases it will be completed.