The image of a typical American cowboy is fully imposed on us Western films: a middle-aged man with light non-hardness riding on horseback, on the head hat with wide fields, in the teeth of a cigarette, dense jeans on the legs, a leather loss jacket over the checkered shirt, boots on heels with spurs and spurs and, of course, Lasso and the revolver hanging on the belt.
But reality can be quite different from the generally accepted Typical Cowboy template. We present 5 interesting and unexpected facts that will complement, and may invert your idea of the cowboys at all.
Cowboys did not wear with you weapons
In any film about the wild west, there will be an episode when the crowd falls into the local bar, and each of them hangs one on the belt, or even several revolvers. Soon as a result of the conflict that had arisen, two cowboys overlook the duel.
But this scene is unlikely to have anything in common with reality. At least because the cowboy is a peaceful profession and its representatives, unlike generally accepted opinion, did not have a bright moral, suitable more for bandits. In addition to the fact that there was no need for weapon weapon, to have a revolver or a rifle was quite considerable - the cartridges at that time cost considerable money.
The only situation when the cowboys took with them a weapon (most often the ranch issued by the owner) is distilted livestock between pastures. It was a pretty risky lesson because of the opportunity to meet in the path of bandits, runaway criminals or aggressively configured Indians.
Cowboys are not bandits, but ordinary workers
A typical Cowboy's Day consisted not from a dashing shootout with a local sheriff and horse races, and from monotonous labor on a ranch, which included a detour of the territories, repair of fences and the heads, the brand of young, the search for the ranked cattle ...
The American word "Cowboy" itself occurred from a combination of two words: "Cow" - Cow, "Boy" - a guy / boy, which does not characterize the cowboy from the aggressive side at all.
This is interesting: Among the cowboys, it was quite often possible to meet blacks or Mexicans. By approximate estimates, they occupied 2/3 of the total number of shepherds.
Heavy working conditions and small wages taught Cowboys to mutual assistance and collective responsibility. It is indicative that in those days, more crimes were made in major American cities than on the expanses of the Wild West.
Favorite drink cowboys - not whiskey
What will order a cowboy, just shuffled in a bar to wash the throat after a hard day? Whiskey? And here is not! The favorite drink of Cowboys was always beer, which they descended most of the money earned.
By the way, the cowboys earned quite a few. They received good money only for livestock distillation between pastures, but this work was associated with risk for life.
Cowboys did not wear hats with wide fields
Contrary to popular belief, the hat with the fields was not an indispensable attribute of any cowboy. Among the shepherds of the wild West hats were not particularly popular. And if someone wore a headdress, then it was almost always fashionable in those hats-bowle.
Many cowboys did not have horses
Can not imagine a cowboy without a horse? But the reality is such that practically no shepherd has funds for the maintenance of its own horse, and those who still moved the riding, just rented an animal from the host ranch.
In addition, there was often no need for horses in horseback. Because of too hot and arid climate, all cattle most of the year passing around near the master ranch, so all the work for the cowboy was within walking distance.
It is interesting: Given that the cowboys rarely moved on horseback, it would be quite suddenly to meet the cowboy, moving on ... camel. But such shepherds really existed. In 1855, the US government as part of the Wild West Development Program and the promotion of a frontier (wild lands development bands) to the West ordered to purchase several dozen camels to make their duties in the heat.